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Read the Bible in a Year - April 1

1 Samuel 13 - 14


American Standard Version

1 Samuel 13

1 Saul was forty years old when he began to reign; and when he had reigned two years over Israel,

2 Saul chose him three thousand men of Israel, whereof two thousand were with Saul in Michmash and in the mount of Beth-el, and a thousand were with Jonathan in Gibeah of Benjamin: and the rest of the people he sent every man to his tent.

3 And Jonathan smote the garrison of the Philistines that was in Geba: and the Philistines heard of it. And Saul blew the trumpet throughout all the land, saying, Let the Hebrews hear.

4 And all Israel heard say that Saul had smitten the garrison of the Philistines, and also that Israel was had in abomination with the Philistines. And the people were gathered together after Saul to Gilgal.

5 And the Philistines assembled themselves together to fight with Israel, thirty thousand chariots, and six thousand horsemen, and people as the sand which is on the sea-shore in multitude: and they came up, and encamped in Michmash, eastward of Beth-aven.

6 When the men of Israel saw that they were in a strait (for the people were distressed), then the people did hide themselves in caves, and in thickets, and in rocks, and in coverts, and in pits.

7 Now some of the Hebrews had gone over the Jordan to the land of Gad and Gilead; but as for Saul, he was yet in Gilgal, and all the people followed him trembling.

8 And he tarried seven days, according to the set time that Samuel had appointed: but Samuel came not to Gilgal; and the people were scattered from him.

9 And Saul said, Bring hither the burnt-offering to me, and the peace-offerings. And he offered the burnt-offering.

10 And it came to pass that, as soon as he had made an end of offering the burnt-offering, behold, Samuel came; and Saul went out to meet him, that he might salute him.

11 And Samuel said, What hast thou done? And Saul said, Because I saw that the people were scattered from me, and that thou camest not within the days appointed, and that the Philistines assembled themselves together at Michmash;

12 therefore said I, Now will the Philistines come down upon me to Gilgal, and I have not entreated the favor of Jehovah: I forced myself therefore, and offered the burnt-offering.

13 And Samuel said to Saul, Thou hast done foolishly; thou hast not kept the commandment of Jehovah thy God, which he commanded thee: for now would Jehovah have established thy kingdom upon Israel for ever.

14 But now thy kingdom shall not continue: Jehovah hath sought him a man after his own heart, and Jehovah hath appointed him to be prince over his people, because thou hast not kept that which Jehovah commanded thee.

15 And Samuel arose, and gat him up from Gilgal unto Gibeah of Benjamin. And Saul numbered the people that were present with him, about six hundred men.

16 And Saul, and Jonathan his son, and the people that were present with them, abode in Geba of Benjamin: but the Philistines encamped in Michmash.

17 And the spoilers came out of the camp of the Philistines in three companies: one company turned unto the way that leadeth to Ophrah, unto the land of Shual;

18 and another company turned the way to Beth-horon; and another company turned the way of the border that looketh down upon the valley of Zeboim toward the wilderness.

19 Now there was no smith found throughout all the land of Israel; for the Philistines said, Lest the Hebrews make them swords or spears:

20 but all the Israelites went down to the Philistines, to sharpen every man his share, and his coulter, and his axe, and his mattock;

21 yet they had a file for the mattocks, and for the coulters, and for the forks, and for the axes, and to set the goads.

22 So it came to pass in the day of battle, that there was neither sword nor spear found in the hand of any of the people that were with Saul and Jonathan: but with Saul and with Jonathan his son was there found.

23 And the garrison of the Philistines went out unto the pass of Michmash.

1 Samuel 14

1 Now it fell upon a day, that Jonathan the son of Saul said unto the young man that bare his armor, Come, and let us go over to the Philistines' garrison, that is on yonder side. But he told not his father.

2 And Saul abode in the uttermost part of Gibeah under the pomegranate-tree which is in Migron: and the people that were with him were about six hundred men;

3 and Ahijah, the son of Ahitub, Ichabod's brother, the son of Phinehas, the son of Eli, the priest of Jehovah in Shiloh, wearing an ephod. And the people knew not that Jonathan was gone.

4 And between the passes, by which Jonathan sought to go over unto the Philistines' garrison, there was a rocky crag on the one side, and a rocky crag on the other side: and the name of the one was Bozez, and the name of the other Seneh.

5 The one crag rose up on the north in front of Michmash, and the other on the south in front of Geba.

6 And Jonathan said to the young man that bare his armor, Come, and let us go over unto the garrison of these uncircumcised: it may be that Jehovah will work for us; for there is no restraint to Jehovah to save by many or by few.

7 And his armorbearer said unto him, Do all that is in thy heart: turn thee, behold, I am with thee according to thy heart.

8 Then said Jonathan, Behold, we will pass over unto the men, and we will disclose ourselves unto them.

9 If they say thus unto us, Tarry until we come to you; then we will stand still in our place, and will not go up unto them.

10 But if they say thus, Come up unto us; then we will go up; for Jehovah hath delivered them into our hand: and this shall be the sign unto us.

11 And both of them disclosed themselves unto the garrison of the Philistines: and the Philistines said, Behold, the Hebrews come forth out of the holes where they had hid themselves.

12 And the men of the garrison answered Jonathan and his armorbearer, and said, Come up to us, and we will show you a thing. And Jonathan said unto his armorbearer, Come up after me; for Jehovah hath delivered them into the hand of Israel.

13 And Jonathan climbed up upon his hands and upon his feet, and his armorbearer after him: and they fell before Jonathan; and his armorbearer slew them after him.

14 And that first slaughter, which Jonathan and his armorbearer made, was about twenty men, within as it were half a furrow's length in an acre of land.

15 And there was a trembling in the camp, in the field, and among all the people; the garrison, and the spoilers, they also trembled; and the earth quaked: so there was an exceeding great trembling.

16 And the watchmen of Saul in Gibeah of Benjamin looked; and, behold, the multitude melted away, and they went hither and thither.

17 Then said Saul unto the people that were with him, Number now, and see who is gone from us. And when they had numbered, behold, Jonathan and his armorbearer were not there.

18 And Saul said unto Ahijah, Bring hither the ark of God. For the ark of God was there at that time with the children of Israel.

19 And it came to pass, while Saul talked unto the priest, that the tumult that was in the camp of the Philistines went on and increased: and Saul said unto the priest, Withdraw thy hand.

20 And Saul and all the people that were with him were gathered together, and came to the battle: and, behold, every man's sword was against his fellow, and there was a very great discomfiture.

21 Now the Hebrews that were with the Philistines as beforetime, and that went up with them into the camp, from the country round about, even they also turned to be with the Israelites that were with Saul and Jonathan.

22 Likewise all the men of Israel that had hid themselves in the hill-country of Ephraim, when they heard that the Philistines fled, even they also followed hard after them in the battle.

23 So Jehovah saved Israel that day: and the battle passed over by Beth-aven.

24 And the men of Israel were distressed that day; for Saul had adjured the people, saying, Cursed be the man that eateth any food until it be evening, and I be avenged on mine enemies. So none of the people tasted food.

25 And all the people came into the forest; and there was honey upon the ground.

26 And when the people were come unto the forest, behold, the honey dropped: but no man put his hand to his mouth; for the people feared the oath.

27 But Jonathan heard not when his father charged the people with the oath: wherefore he put forth the end of the rod that was in his hand, and dipped it in the honeycomb, and put his hand to his mouth; and his eyes were enlightened.

28 Then answered one of the people, and said, Thy father straitly charged the people with an oath, saying, Cursed be the man that eateth food this day. And the people were faint.

29 Then said Jonathan, My father hath troubled the land: see, I pray you, how mine eyes have been enlightened, because I tasted a little of this honey.

30 How much more, if haply the people had eaten freely to-day of the spoil of their enemies which they found? for now hath there been no great slaughter among the Philistines.

31 And they smote of the Philistines that day from Michmash to Aijalon. And the people were very faint;

32 and the people flew upon the spoil, and took sheep, and oxen, and calves, and slew them on the ground; and the people did eat them with the blood.

33 Then they told Saul, saying, Behold, the people sin against Jehovah, in that they eat with the blood. And he said, ye have dealt treacherously: roll a great stone unto me this day.

34 And Saul said, Disperse yourselves among the people, and say unto them, Bring me hither every man his ox, and every man his sheep, and slay them here, and eat; and sin not against Jehovah in eating with the blood. And all the people brought every man his ox with him that night, and slew them there.

35 And Saul built an altar unto Jehovah: the same was the first altar that he built unto Jehovah.

36 And Saul said, Let us go down after the Philistines by night, and take spoil among them until the morning light, and let us not leave a man of them. And they said, Do whatsoever seemeth good unto thee. Then said the priest, Let us draw near hither unto God.

37 And Saul asked counsel of God, Shall I go down after the Philistines? wilt thou deliver them into the hand of Israel? But he answered him not that day.

38 And Saul said, Draw nigh hither, all ye chiefs of the people; and know and see wherein this sin hath been this day.

39 For, as Jehovah liveth, who saveth Israel, though it be in Jonathan my son, he shall surely die. But there was not a man among all the people that answered him.

40 Then said he unto all Israel, Be ye on one side, and I and Jonathan my son will be on the other side. And the people said unto Saul, Do what seemeth good unto thee.

41 Therefore Saul said unto Jehovah, the God of Israel, Show the right. And Jonathan and Saul were taken by lot; but the people escaped.

42 And Saul said, Cast lots between me and Jonathan my son. And Jonathan was taken.

43 Then Saul said to Jonathan, Tell me what thou hast done. And Jonathan told him, and said, I did certainly taste a little honey with the end of the rod that was in my hand; and, lo, I must die.

44 And Saul said, God do so and more also; for thou shalt surely die, Jonathan.

45 And the people said unto Saul, Shall Jonathan die, who hath wrought this great salvation in Israel? Far from it: as Jehovah liveth, there shall not one hair of his head fall to the ground; for he hath wrought with God this day. So the people rescued Jonathan, that he died not.

46 Then Saul went up from following the Philistines; and the Philistines went to their own place.

47 Now when Saul had taken the kingdom over Israel, he fought against all his enemies on every side, against Moab, and against the children of Ammon, and against Edom, and against the kings of Zobah, and against the Philistines: and whithersoever he turned himself, he put them to the worse.

48 And he did valiantly, and smote the Amalekites, and delivered Israel out of the hands of them that despoiled them.

49 Now the sons of Saul were Jonathan, and Ishvi, and Malchishua; and the names of his two daughters were these: the name of the first-born Merab, and the name of the younger Michal:

50 and the name of Saul's wife was Ahinoam the daughter of Ahimaaz. And the name of the captain of his host was Abner the son of Ner, Saul's uncle.

51 And Kish was the father of Saul; and Ner the father of Abner was the son of Abiel.

52 And there was sore war against the Philistines all the days of Saul: and when Saul saw any mighty man, or any valiant man, he took him unto him.

Amplified

1 Samuel 13

1 SAUL WAS +[forty+] years old when he began to reign; and when he had reigned two years over Israel,

2 Saul chose 3,000 men of Israel; 2,000 were with +[him+] in Michmash and the hill country of Bethel, and 1,000 with Jonathan in Gibeah of Benjamin. The rest of the men he sent away, each one to his home.

3 Jonathan smote the Philistine garrison at Geba, and the Philistines heard of it. And Saul blew the trumpet throughout all the land, saying, Let the Hebrews hear!

4 All Israel heard that Saul had defeated the Philistine garrison and also that Israel had become an abomination to the Philistines. And the people were called out to join Saul at Gilgal.

5 And the Philistines gathered to fight with Israel, 30,000 chariots and 6,000 horsemen and troops like sand on the seashore in multitude. They came up and encamped at Michmash, east of Beth-aven.

6 When the men of Israel saw that they were in a tight situation--for their troops were hard pressed--they hid in caves, holes, rocks, tombs, and pits {or} cisterns.

7 Some Hebrews had gone over the Jordan to the land of Gad and Gilead. As for Saul, he was still in Gilgal, and all the people followed him trembling.

8 Saul waited seven days, according to the set time Samuel had appointed. But Samuel had not come to Gilgal, and the people were scattering from Saul.

9 So Saul said, Bring me the burnt offering and the peace offerings. And he offered the burnt offering +[which he was forbidden to do+].

10 And just as he finished offering the burnt offering, behold, Samuel came! Saul went out to meet and greet him.

11 Samuel said, What have you done? Saul said, Because I saw that the people were scattering from me, and that you did not come within the days appointed, and that the Philistines were assembled at Michmash,

12 I thought, The Philistines will come down now upon me to Gilgal, and I have not made supplication to the Lord. So I forced myself to offer a burnt offering.

13 And Samuel said to Saul, You have done foolishly! You have not kept the commandment of the Lord your God which He commanded you; for the Lord would have established your kingdom over Israel forever;

14 But now your kingdom shall not continue; the Lord has sought out +[David+] a man after His own heart, and the Lord has commanded him to be prince {and} ruler over His people, because you have not kept what the Lord commanded you.

15 And Samuel went up from Gilgal to Gibeah of Benjamin. And Saul numbered the people that were left with him, +[only+] about 600.

16 Saul and Jonathan his son and the people with them remained in Gibeah of Benjamin, but the Philistines encamped at Michmash.

17 And raiders came out of the Philistine camp in three companies; one company turned toward Ophrah, to the land of Shual,

18 Another turned toward Beth-horon, and another toward the border overlooking the Valley of Zeboim toward the wilderness.

19 Now there was no metal worker to be found throughout all the land of Israel, for the Philistines said, Lest the Hebrews make swords or spears.

20 But each of the Israelites had to go down to the Philistines to get his plowshare, mattock, axe, or sickle sharpened.

21 And the price for plowshares and mattocks was a pim, and a third of a shekel for axes and for setting goads +[with resulting blunt edges on the sickles, mattocks, forks, axes, and goads.+]

22 So on the day of battle neither sword nor spear was found in the hand of any of the men who were with Saul and Jonathan; but Saul and Jonathan his son had them.

23 And the garrison of the Philistines went out to the pass of Michmash.

1 Samuel 14

1 ONE DAY Jonathan son of Saul said to his armor-bearer, Come, let us go over to the Philistine garrison on the other side. But he did not tell his father.

2 Saul was remaining in the outskirts of Gibeah under a pomegranate tree in Migron; and with him were about 600 men,

3 And Ahijah son of Ahitub, Ichabod's brother, the son of Phinehas, the son of Eli, the Lord's priest in Shiloh, was wearing the ephod. And the people did not know that Jonathan was gone.

4 Between the passes by which Jonathan sought to go over to the Philistine garrison there was a rocky crag on the one side and a rocky crag on the other side; one was named Bozez, and the other Seneh.

5 The one crag rose on the north in front of Michmash, and the other on the south in front of Geba.

6 And Jonathan said to his young armor-bearer, Come, and let us go over to the garrison of these uncircumcised; it may be that the Lord will work for us. For there is nothing to prevent the Lord from saving by many or by few.

7 And his armor-bearer said to him, Do all that is in your mind; I am with you in whatever you think +[best+].

8 Jonathan said, We will pass over to these men and we will let them see us.

9 If they say to us, Wait until we come to you, then we will stand still in our place and will not go up to them.

10 But if they say, Come up to us, we will go up, for the Lord has delivered them into our hand, and this will be our sign.

11 So both of them let the Philistine garrison see them. And the Philistines said, Behold, the Hebrews are coming out of the holes where they have hidden themselves.

12 The garrison men said to Jonathan and his armor-bearer, Come up to us and we will show you a thing. Jonathan said to his armor-bearer, Come up after me, for the Lord has given them into Israel's hand.

13 Then Jonathan climbed up on his hands and feet, his armor-bearer after him; and the enemy fell before Jonathan, and his armor-bearer killed them after him.

14 And that first slaughter which Jonathan and his armor-bearer made was about twenty men within about a half acre of land +[which a yoke of oxen might plow+].

15 And there was trembling {and} panic in the +[Philistine+] camp, in the field, and among all the men; the garrison, and even the raiders trembled; the earth quaked, and it became a terror from God.

16 Saul's watchmen in Gibeah of Benjamin looked, and behold, the multitude melted away and went hither and thither.

17 Then Saul said to the men with him, Number and see who is gone from us. When they numbered, behold, Jonathan and his armor-bearer were missing.

18 Saul said to Ahijah, Bring here the ark of God--for at that time the ark of God was with the children of Israel.

19 While Saul talked to the priest, the tumult in the Philistine camp kept increasing. Then Saul said to the priest, Withdraw your hand.

20 Then Saul and all the people with him rallied and went into the battle, and behold, every +[Philistine's+] sword was against his fellow in wild confusion.

21 Moreover, the Hebrews who were with the Philistines before that time, who went up with them into the camp from the country round about, even they also turned to be with the Israelites who were with Saul and Jonathan.

22 Likewise, all the men of Israel who had hid themselves in the hill country of Ephraim, when they heard that the Philistines fled, they also went after them in hot pursuit in the battle.

23 So the Lord delivered Israel that day, and the battle passed beyond Beth-aven.

24 But the men of Israel were distressed that day, for Saul had caused them to take an oath, saying, Cursed be the man who eats any food before evening and until I have taken vengeance on my enemies. So none of the men tasted any food.

25 And all the people of the land came to a wood, and there was honey on the ground.

26 When the men entered the wood, behold, the honey was dripping, but no man tasted it, for the men feared the oath.

27 But Jonathan had not heard when his father charged the people with the oath. So he dipped the end of the rod in his hand into a honeycomb and put it to his mouth, and his +[weary+] eyes brightened.

28 Then one of the men told him, Your father strictly charged the men with an oath, saying, Cursed be the man who eats any food today. And the people were exhausted {and} faint.

29 Then Jonathan said, My father has troubled the land. See how my eyes have brightened because I tasted a little of this honey.

30 How much better if the men had eaten freely today of the spoil of their enemies which they found! For now the slaughter of the Philistines has not been great.

31 They smote the Philistines that day from Michmash to Aijalon. And the people were very faint.

32 +[When night came and the oath expired+] the men flew upon the spoil. They took sheep, oxen, and calves, slew them on the ground, and ate them +[raw+] with the blood.

33 Then Saul was told, Behold, the men are sinning against the Lord by eating with the blood. And he said, You have transgressed; roll a great stone to me here.

34 Saul said, Disperse yourselves among the people and tell them, Bring me every man his ox or his sheep, and butcher them here and eat; and sin not against the Lord by eating the blood. So all the men brought each one his ox that night and butchered it there.

35 And Saul built an altar to the Lord; it was the first altar he built to the Lord.

36 Then Saul said, Let us go down after the Philistines by night and seize and plunder them until daylight, and let us not leave a man of them. They said, Do whatever seems good to you. Then the priest said, Let us draw near here to God.

37 And Saul asked counsel of God, Shall I go down after the Philistines? Will You deliver them into the hand of Israel? But He did not answer him that day.

38 Then Saul said, Draw near, all the chiefs of the people, and let us see how this sin +[causing God's silence+] arose today.

39 For as the Lord lives, Who delivers Israel, though it be in Jonathan my son, he shall surely die. But not a man among all the people answered him.

40 Then he said to all Israel, You be on one side; and I and Jonathan my son will be on the other side. The people said to Saul, Do what seems good to you.

41 Therefore Saul said to the Lord, the God of Israel, Give a perfect lot {and} show the right. And Saul and Jonathan were taken +[by lot+], but the other men went free.

42 Saul said, Cast lots between me and Jonathan my son. And Jonathan was taken.

43 Saul said to Jonathan, Tell me what you have done. And Jonathan said, I tasted a little honey with the end of the rod that was in my hand. And behold, I must die.

44 Saul answered, May God do so, and more also, for you shall surely die, Jonathan.

45 But the people said to Saul, Shall Jonathan, who has wrought this great deliverance to Israel, die? God forbid! As the Lord lives, there shall not one hair of his head perish, for he has wrought this great deliverance with God this day. So the people rescued Jonathan, and he did not die.

46 Then Saul ceased pursuing the Philistines, and they went to their own place.

47 When Saul took over the kingdom of Israel, he fought against all his enemies on every side: Moab, the Ammonites, Edom, the kings of Zobah, and the Philistines. Wherever he turned, he made it worse for them.

48 He did valiantly and smote the Amalekites, and delivered Israel out of the hands of those who plundered them.

49 Now Saul's sons were Jonathan, Ishvi, and Malchi-shua; and the names of his two daughters were, of the firstborn, Merab; and of the younger, Michal.

50 The name of Saul's wife was Ahinoam daughter of Ahimaaz. The commander of his army was Abner son of Ner, Saul's uncle.

51 Kish the father of Saul and Ner the father of Abner were sons of Abiel.

52 There was severe war against the Philistines all the days of Saul, and whenever Saul saw any mighty or +[outstandingly+] courageous man, he attached him to himself.

Basic Bible

1 Samuel 13

1 ***

2 And Saul took for himself three thousand men of Israel, of whom he kept two thousand with him in Michmash and in the mountain of Beth-el, and a thousand were with Jonathan in Gibeah in the land of Benjamin: the rest of the people he sent back to their tents.

3 And Jonathan made an attack on the armed force of the Philistines stationed at Gibeah; and news was given to the Philistines that the Hebrews were turned against them. And Saul had a horn sounded through all the land,

4 And all Israel had the news that Saul had made an attack on the Philistines, and that Israel was bitterly hated by the Philistines. And the people came together after Saul to Gilgal.

5 And the Philistines came together to make war on Israel, three thousand war-carriages and six thousand horsemen and an army of people like the sands of the sea in number: they came up and took up their position in Michmash, to the east of Beth-aven.

6 When the men of Israel saw the danger they were in, (for the people were troubled,) they took cover in cracks in the hillsides and in the woods and in rocks and holes and hollows.

7 And a great number of the people had gone over Jordan to the land of Gad and Gilead; but Saul was still in Gilgal, and all the people went after him shaking in fear.

8 And he went on waiting there for seven days, the time fixed by Samuel: but Samuel did not come to Gilgal; and the people were starting to go away from him.

9 Then Saul said, Come here and give me the burned offering and the peace-offerings. And he made a burned offering to the Lord.

10 And when the burned offering was ended, Samuel came; and Saul went out to see him and to give him a blessing.

11 And Samuel said, What have you done? And Saul said, Because I saw that the people were going away from me, and you had not come at the time which had been fixed, and the Philistines had come together at Michmash;

12 I said, Now the Philistines will come down on me at Gilgal, and I have made no prayer for help to the Lord: and so, forcing myself to do it, I made a burned offering.

13 And Samuel said to Saul, You have done a foolish thing: you have not kept the rules which the Lord your God gave you; it was the purpose of the Lord to make your authority over Israel safe for ever.

14 But now, your authority will not go on: the Lord, searching for a man who is pleasing to him in every way, has given him the place of ruler over his people, because you have not done what the Lord gave you orders to do.

15 Then Samuel went up from Gilgal and the rest of the people went up after Saul against the men of war, and they came from Gilgal to Gibeah in the land of Benjamin: and Saul took the number of the people who were with him, about six hundred men.

16 And Saul, with Jonathan his son and the people who were with them, was waiting in Geba in the land of Benjamin: but the tents of the Philistines were in Michmash.

17 And three bands of men came out from the Philistines to make an attack; one band went by the road which goes to Ophrah, into the land of Shual:

18 And another went in the direction of Beth-horon: and another went by the hill looking down on the valley of Zeboiim, in the direction of the waste land.

19 Now there was no iron-worker in all the land of Israel: for the Philistines said, For fear the Hebrews make themselves swords or spears:

20 But all the Israelites had to go to the Philistines to get their ploughs and blades and axes and hooks made sharp;

21 For they had instruments for putting an edge on their ploughs and blades and forks and axes, and for putting iron points on their ox-driving rods.

22 So on the day of the fight at Michmash, not a sword or a spear was to be seen in the hands of any of the people with Saul and Jonathan: only Saul and his son Jonathan had them.

23 And the armed force of the Philistines went out to the narrow way of Michmash.

1 Samuel 14

1 Now one day Jonathan, the son of Saul, said to the young man who was with him, looking after his arms, Come, let us go over to the Philistine force over there. But he said nothing to his father.

2 And Saul was still waiting in the farthest part of Geba, under the fruit-tree in Migron: there were about six hundred men with him;

3 And Ahijah, the son of Ahitub, brother of Ichabod, the son of Phinehas, the son of Eli, the priest of the Lord in Shiloh, who had the ephod. And the people had no idea that Jonathan had gone.

4 Now between the narrow roads over the mountains by which Jonathan was making his way to the Philistines' forces, there was a sharp overhanging rock on one side, and a sharp rock on the other side: one was named Bozez and the other Seneh.

5 The one rock went up on the north in front of Michmash and the other on the south in front of Geba.

6 And Jonathan said to his young servant who had his arms, Come, let us go over to the armies of these men who have no circumcision: it may be that the Lord will give us help, for there is no limit to his power; the Lord is able to give salvation by a great army or by a small band.

7 And his servant said to him, Do whatever is in your mind: see, I am with you in every impulse of your heart.

8 Then Jonathan said, Now we will go over to these men and let them see us.

9 If they say to us, Keep quiet where you are till we come to you; then we will keep our places and not go up to them.

10 But if they say, Come up to us; then we will go up, for the Lord has given them into our hands: and this will be the sign to us.

11 And they let the Philistine force see the two of them: and the Philistines said, Look! the Hebrews are coming out of the holes where they have taken cover.

12 And the armed men of the force gave Jonathan and his servant their answer, saying, Come up here to us, and we will let you see something. Then Jonathan said to his servant, Come up after me: for the Lord has given them up into the hands of Israel.

13 And Jonathan went up, gripping with his hands and his feet, his servant going up after him; and the Philistines gave way before Jonathan when he made an attack on them, and his servant put them to death after him.

14 And at their first attack, Jonathan and his servant put to the sword about twenty men, all inside the space of half an acre of land.

15 And there was great fear in the tents and in the field and among all the men of the armed force, and the attackers were shaking with fear; even the earth was moved with a great shaking and there was a fear as from God.

16 And the watchmen of Saul, looking out from Geba in the land of Benjamin, saw all the army flowing away and running here and there.

17 Then Saul said to the people who were with him, Let everyone be numbered and let us see who has gone from us. And when they had been numbered, it was seen that Jonathan and his servant were not there.

18 And Saul said to Ahijah, Let the ephod come here. For he went before Israel with the ephod at that time.

19 Now while Saul was talking to the priest, the noise in the tents of the Philistines became louder and louder; and Saul said to the priest, Take back your hand.

20 And Saul and all the people with him came together and went forward to the fight: and every man's sword was turned against the man at his side, and there was a very great noise.

21 Then the Hebrews who had been with the Philistines for some time, and had gone up with them to their tents, turning round were joined to those who were with Saul and Jonathan.

22 And all the men of Israel who had taken cover in the hill-country of Ephraim, hearing that the Philistines had been put to flight, went after them, attacking them.

23 So the Lord made Israel safe that day: and the fight went over to Beth-aven.

24 And all the people were with Saul, about twenty thousand men, and the fight was general through all the hill-country of Ephraim; but Saul made a great error that day, by putting the people under an oath, saying, Let that man be cursed who takes food before evening comes and I have given punishment to those who are against me. So the people had not a taste of food.

25 And there was honey on the face of the field, and all the people came to the honey, the bees having gone from it;

26 But not a man put his hand to his mouth for fear of the curse.

27 But Jonathan, having no knowledge of the oath his father had put on the people, stretching out the rod which was in his hand, put the end of it in the honey, and put it to his mouth; then his eyes were made bright.

28 Then one of the people said to him, Your father put the people under an oath, saying, Let that man be cursed who takes any food this day. And the people were feeble, needing food.

29 Then Jonathan said, My father has made trouble come on the land: now see how bright my eyes have become because I have taken a little of this honey.

30 How much more if the people had freely taken their food from the goods of those who were fighting against them! would there not have been much greater destruction among the Philistines?

31 That day they overcame the Philistines from Michmash to Aijalon: and the people were feeble from need of food.

32 And rushing at the goods taken in the fight, the people took oxen and sheep and young oxen, and put them to death there on the earth, and had a meal, taking the flesh with the blood in it.

33 Then it was said to Saul, See, the people are sinning against the Lord, taking the blood with the flesh. And he said to those who gave him the news, Now let a great stone be rolled to me here.

34 And Saul said, Go about among the people and say to them, Let every man come here to me with his ox and his sheep, and put them to death here, and take his meal: do no sin against the Lord by taking the blood with the flesh. So all the people took their oxen with them that night and put them to death there.

35 And Saul put up an altar to the Lord: this was the first altar which he put up to the Lord.

36 And Saul said, Let us go down after the Philistines by night, attacking them till the morning, till there is not a man of them living. And they said, Do whatever seems right to you. Then the priest said, Let us come near to God.

37 And Saul, desiring directions from God, said, Am I to go down after the Philistines? will you give them up into the hands of Israel? But he gave him no answer that day.

38 And Saul said, Come near, all you chiefs of the people, and let us get word from God and see in whom is this sin today.

39 For, by the living Lord, the saviour of Israel, even if the sinner is Jonathan, my son, death will certainly be his fate. But not a man among all the people gave him any answer.

40 Then he said to all Israel, You be on one side, and I with Jonathan my son will be on the other side. And the people said to Saul, Do whatever seems good to you.

41 Then Saul said to the Lord, the God of Israel, Why have you not given me an answer today? If the sin is in me or in Jonathan my son, O Lord God of Israel, give Urim, and if it is in your people Israel, give Thummim. And by the decision of the Lord, Saul and Jonathan were marked out, and the people went free.

42 And Saul said, Give your decision between my son Jonathan and me. And Jonathan was taken.

43 Then Saul said to Jonathan, Give me an account of what you have done. And Jonathan gave him the story and said, Certainly I took a little honey on the end of my rod; and now death is to be my fate.

44 And Saul said, May God's punishment be on me if death is not your fate, Jonathan.

45 And the people said to Saul, Is death to come to Jonathan, the worker of this great salvation for Israel? Let it not be so: by the living Lord, not one hair of his head is to be touched, for he has been working with God today. So the people kept Jonathan from death.

46 Then Saul, turning back, went after the Philistines no longer: and the Philistines went back to their place.

47 Now when Saul had taken his place as ruler of Israel, he made war on those who were against him on every side, Moab and the Ammonites and Edom and the kings of Zobah and the Philistines: and whichever way he went, he overcame them.

48 And he did great things, and overcame the Amalekites, and made Israel safe from the hands of their attackers.

49 Now the sons of Saul were Jonathan and Ishvi and Malchi-shua; and these are the names of his daughters: the older was named Merab and the younger Michal;

50 The name of Saul's wife was Ahinoam, the daughter of Ahimaaz; the captain of his army was Abner, the son of Ner, brother of Saul's father.

51 Kish, the father of Saul, and Ner, the father of Abner, were sons of Abiel.

52 All through the life of Saul there was bitter war against the Philistines; and whenever Saul saw any strong man or any good fighting man, he kept him near himself.

Darby

1 Samuel 13

1 Saul was ... years old when he became king; and he reigned two years over Israel.

2 And Saul chose him three thousand men out of Israel: there were with Saul two thousand in Michmash and in mount Bethel, and a thousand were with Jonathan in Gibeah of Benjamin; and the rest of the people he sent every man to his tent.

3 And Jonathan smote the outpost of the Philistines that was in Geba, and the Philistines heard [of it]. And Saul blew the trumpet throughout the land, saying, Let the Hebrews hear.

4 And all Israel heard say, Saul has smitten the garrison of the Philistines, and Israel also has become odious to the Philistines. And the people were called together after Saul to Gilgal.

5 And the Philistines were assembled together to fight with Israel, thirty thousand chariots, and six thousand horsemen, and people as the sand which is on the sea-shore in multitude; and they came up, and encamped in Michmash, eastward from Beth-Aven.

6 And the men of Israel saw that they were in a strait (for the people were distressed); and the people hid themselves in caves, and in thickets, and in cliffs, and in strongholds, and in pits.

7 And the Hebrews went over the Jordan into the land of Gad and Gilead. And Saul was yet in Gilgal, and all the people followed him trembling.

8 And he waited seven days, according to the set time that Samuel [had appointed]; but Samuel did not come to Gilgal; and the people were scattered from him.

9 And Saul said, Bring hither to me the burnt-offering and the peace-offerings. And he offered up the burnt-offering.

10 And it came to pass, as soon as he had ended offering up the burnt-offering, behold, Samuel came; and Saul went out to meet him, that he might salute him.

11 And Samuel said, What hast thou done? And Saul said, Because I saw that the people were scattered from me, and that thou didst not come within the days appointed, and that the Philistines were assembled at Michmash,

12 I said, The Philistines will come down now upon me to Gilgal, and I have not made supplication to Jehovah; and I forced myself, and offered up the burnt-offering.

13 And Samuel said to Saul, Thou hast done foolishly: thou hast not kept the commandment of Jehovah thy God which he commanded thee; for now would Jehovah have established thy kingdom over Israel for ever.

14 But now thy kingdom shall not continue: Jehovah has sought him a man after his own heart, and Jehovah has appointed him ruler over his people; for thou hast not kept what Jehovah commanded thee.

15 And Samuel arose and went up from Gilgal to Gibeah of Benjamin. And Saul numbered the people that were found with him, about six hundred men.

16 And Saul, and Jonathan his son, and the people that were found with them, abode in Geba of Benjamin; and the Philistines encamped in Michmash.

17 And the ravagers came out of the camp of the Philistines in three companies: one company turned the way of Ophrah, into the land of Shual;

18 and another company turned the way to Beth-horon; and the other company turned the way to the district that looks over the ravine of Zeboim toward the wilderness.

19 Now there was no smith found throughout the land of Israel; for the Philistines said, Lest the Hebrews make them swords or spears.

20 And all Israel went down to the Philistines, every man to get his ploughshare, and his hoe, and his axe, and his sickle sharpened,

21 when the edges of the sickles, and the hoes, and the forks, and the axes were blunted; and to set the goads.

22 And it came to pass in the day of battle, that there was neither sword nor spear found in the hand of any of the people that were with Saul and Jonathan; but with Saul and with Jonathan his son there was found.

23 And a garrison of the Philistines went out to the passage of Michmash.

1 Samuel 14

1 Now it came to pass one day that Jonathan the son of Saul said to the young man that bore his armour, Come and let us go over to the Philistines' garrison which is on the other side. But he did not tell his father.

2 And Saul abode at the extreme end of Gibeah under the pomegranate-tree which [was] in Migron; and the people that were with him were about six hundred men.

3 (And Ahijah the son of Ahitub, Ichabod's brother, the son of Phinehas, the son of Eli, Jehovah's priest in Shiloh, wore the ephod.) And the people did not know that Jonathan was gone.

4 Now between the passes by which Jonathan sought to go over to the Philistines' garrison there was a sharp rock on the one side and a sharp rock on the other side; and the name of the one [was] Bozez, and the name of the other Seneh.

5 The one crag [formed] a pillar on the north opposite to Michmash, and the other on the south opposite to Geba.

6 And Jonathan said to the young man that bore his armour, Come, and let us go over to the garrison of these uncircumcised: perhaps Jehovah will work for us; for there is no restraint to Jehovah to save by many or by few.

7 And his armour-bearer said to him, Do all that is in thy heart; turn thee; behold, I am with thee according to thy heart.

8 Then said Jonathan, Behold, we will pass over to the men, and we will shew ourselves to them.

9 If they say thus to us, Stand still until we come to you, then we will stay in our place, and will not go up to them.

10 And if they say thus, Come up to us, then we will go up; for Jehovah has given them into our hand; and this shall be the sign to us.

11 And both of them shewed themselves to the garrison of the Philistines; and the Philistines said, Behold, the Hebrews come forth out of the holes where they had hid themselves.

12 And the men of the garrison answered Jonathan and his armour-bearer and said, Come up to us, and we will shew you something. And Jonathan said to his armour-bearer, Come up after me; for Jehovah has delivered them into the hand of Israel.

13 And Jonathan climbed up upon his hands and upon his feet, and his armour-bearer after him; and they fell before Jonathan; and his armour-bearer slew after him.

14 And that first slaughter which Jonathan and his armour-bearer wrought was about twenty men, as it were on the half-furrow of an acre of land.

15 And there was trembling in the camp, in the field, and among all the people; the garrison, and the ravagers, they also trembled, and the earth quaked; for it was a trembling [from] God.

16 And the watchmen of Saul in Gibeah of Benjamin looked, and behold, the multitude melted away, and they went on slaying one another.

17 Then said Saul to the people that were with him, Muster now, and see who is gone from us. And they mustered, and behold, Jonathan and his armour-bearer were not there.

18 And Saul said to Ahijah, Bring hither the ark of God. For the ark of God was at that time with the children of Israel.

19 And it came to pass while Saul talked to the priest, that the noise which was in the camp of the Philistines went on and increased; and Saul said to the priest, Withdraw thy hand.

20 And Saul and all the people that were with him were called together, and they came to the battle; and behold, every man's sword was against his fellow, a very great confusion.

21 And there were Hebrews with the Philistines before that time, who had gone up with them into the camp round about; and they also [turned] to be with the Israelites who were with Saul and Jonathan.

22 And all the men of Israel who had hid themselves in mount Ephraim heard that the Philistines fled, and they also followed hard after them in the battle.

23 And Jehovah saved Israel that day; and the battle passed over beyond Beth-Aven.

24 But the men of Israel were distressed that day. Now Saul had adjured the people, saying, Cursed be the man that eateth food until evening, and [until] I am avenged on mine enemies. So none of the people tasted food.

25 And all they of the land came to a wood; and there was honey on the ground.

26 And the people had come into the wood, and behold, the honey flowed; but no man put his hand to his mouth, for the people feared the oath.

27 But Jonathan had not heard when his father adjured the people; and he put forth the end of his staff which was in his hand, and dipped it in the honeycomb, and put his hand to his mouth, and his eyes became bright.

28 Then answered one of the people and said, Thy father strictly adjured the people, saying, Cursed be the man that eateth food this day; and the people are faint.

29 And Jonathan said, My father has troubled the land: see, I pray you, that mine eyes are bright, because I tasted a little of this honey.

30 How much more, if the people had eaten freely to-day of the spoil of their enemies which they found? for would there not now have been a much greater slaughter among the Philistines?

31 And they smote the Philistines that day from Michmash to Ajalon; and the people were very faint.

32 And the people fell on the spoil, and took sheep, and oxen, and calves, and slaughtered them on the ground; and the people ate [them] with the blood.

33 And they told Saul, saying, Behold, the people sin against Jehovah, in that they eat with the blood. And he said, Ye have acted perversely: roll me now a great stone.

34 And Saul said, Disperse yourselves among the people, and say to them, Bring near to me every man his ox, and every man his sheep, and slaughter them here, and eat; and sin not against Jehovah in eating with the blood. And all the people brought every man his ox with him that night, and slaughtered [them] there.

35 And Saul built an altar to Jehovah: this was the first altar he built to Jehovah.

36 And Saul said, Let us go down after the Philistines by night, and plunder them until the morning light, and let us not leave a man of them. And they said, Do whatsoever is good in thy sight. Then said the priest, Let us come near hither to God.

37 And Saul inquired of God, Shall I go down after the Philistines? wilt thou give them into the hand of Israel? But he did not answer him that day.

38 And Saul said, Draw ye near hither, all the heads of the people; and know and see wherein this sin has been this day.

39 For, [as] Jehovah liveth, who has saved Israel, though it be in Jonathan my son, he shall certainly die. And no one answered him among all the people.

40 Then said he to all Israel, Be ye on one side, and I and Jonathan my son will be on the other side. And the people said to Saul, Do what is good in thy sight.

41 And Saul said to Jehovah the God of Israel, Give a perfect [testimony]! And Jonathan and Saul were taken, and the people escaped.

42 And Saul said, Cast [lots] between me and Jonathan my son. And Jonathan was taken.

43 And Saul said to Jonathan, Tell me what thou hast done. And Jonathan told him and said, With the end of the staff which is in my hand I tasted a little honey, [and] behold, I must die!

44 And Saul said, God do so [to me] and more also; thou shalt certainly die, Jonathan.

45 And the people said to Saul, Shall Jonathan die, who has wrought this great salvation in Israel? Far be it! [as] Jehovah liveth, there shall not a hair of his head fall to the ground; for he has wrought with God this day. So the people delivered Jonathan, that he died not.

46 And Saul went up from following the Philistines; and the Philistines went to their own place.

47 And Saul took the kingdom over Israel, and fought against all his enemies round about, against Moab, and against the children of Ammon, and against Edom, and against the kings of Zobah, and against the Philistines; and whithersoever he turned himself, he discomfited [them].

48 And he did valiantly, and smote the Amalekites, and delivered Israel out of the hands of their spoilers.

49 And the sons of Saul were Jonathan, and Jishvi, and Malchi-shua. And the names of his two daughters: the name of the firstborn Merab, and the name of the younger Michal.

50 And the name of Saul's wife was Ahinoam, the daughter of Ahimaaz; and the name of the captain of his host was Abner, the son of Ner, Saul's uncle.

51 And Kish the father of Saul, and Ner the father of Abner were sons of Abiel.

52 And there was sore war against the Philistines all the days of Saul; and when Saul saw any mighty man, or any valiant man, he took him to himself.

King James Version

1 Samuel 13

1 Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel,

2 Saul chose him three thousand men of Israel; whereof two thousand were with Saul in Michmash and in mount Bethel, and a thousand were with Jonathan in Gibeah of Benjamin: and the rest of the people he sent every man to his tent.

3 And Jonathan smote the garrison of the Philistines that was in Geba, and the Philistines heard of it. And Saul blew the trumpet throughout all the land, saying, Let the Hebrews hear.

4 And all Israel heard say that Saul had smitten a garrison of the Philistines, and that Israel also was had in abomination with the Philistines. And the people were called together after Saul to Gilgal.

5 And the Philistines gathered themselves together to fight with Israel, thirty thousand chariots, and six thousand horsemen, and people as the sand which is on the sea shore in multitude: and they came up, and pitched in Michmash, eastward from Bethaven.

6 When the men of Israel saw that they were in a strait, (for the people were distressed,) then the people did hide themselves in caves, and in thickets, and in rocks, and in high places, and in pits.

7 And some of the Hebrews went over Jordan to the land of Gad and Gilead. As for Saul, he was yet in Gilgal, and all the people followed him trembling.

8 And he tarried seven days, according to the set time that Samuel had appointed: but Samuel came not to Gilgal; and the people were scattered from him.

9 And Saul said, Bring hither a burnt offering to me, and peace offerings. And he offered the burnt offering.

10 And it came to pass, that as soon as he had made an end of offering the burnt offering, behold, Samuel came; and Saul went out to meet him, that he might salute him.

11 And Samuel said, What hast thou done? And Saul said, Because I saw that the people were scattered from me, and that thou camest not within the days appointed, and that the Philistines gathered themselves together at Michmash;

12 Therefore said I, The Philistines will come down now upon me to Gilgal, and I have not made supplication unto the LORD: I forced myself therefore, and offered a burnt offering.

13 And Samuel said to Saul, Thou hast done foolishly: thou hast not kept the commandment of the LORD thy God, which he commanded thee: for now would the LORD have established thy kingdom upon Israel for ever.

14 But now thy kingdom shall not continue: the LORD hath sought him a man after his own heart, and the LORD hath commanded him to be captain over his people, because thou hast not kept that which the LORD commanded thee.

15 And Samuel arose, and gat him up from Gilgal unto Gibeah of Benjamin. And Saul numbered the people that were present with him, about six hundred men.

16 And Saul, and Jonathan his son, and the people that were present with them, abode in Gibeah of Benjamin: but the Philistines encamped in Michmash.

17 And the spoilers came out of the camp of the Philistines in three companies: one company turned unto the way that leadeth to Ophrah, unto the land of Shual:

18 And another company turned the way to Bethhoron: and another company turned to the way of the border that looketh to the valley of Zeboim toward the wilderness.

19 Now there was no smith found throughout all the land of Israel: for the Philistines said, Lest the Hebrews make them swords or spears:

20 But all the Israelites went down to the Philistines, to sharpen every man his share, and his coulter, and his axe, and his mattock.

21 Yet they had a file for the mattocks, and for the coulters, and for the forks, and for the axes, and to sharpen the goads.

22 So it came to pass in the day of battle, that there was neither sword nor spear found in the hand of any of the people that were with Saul and Jonathan: but with Saul and with Jonathan his son was there found.

23 And the garrison of the Philistines went out to the passage of Michmash.

1 Samuel 14

1 Now it came to pass upon a day, that Jonathan the son of Saul said unto the young man that bare his armour, Come, and let us go over to the Philistines' garrison, that is on the other side. But he told not his father.

2 And Saul tarried in the uttermost part of Gibeah under a pomegranate tree which is in Migron: and the people that were with him were about six hundred men;

3 And Ahiah, the son of Ahitub, Ichabod's brother, the son of Phinehas, the son of Eli, the LORD's priest in Shiloh, wearing an ephod. And the people knew not that Jonathan was gone.

4 And between the passages, by which Jonathan sought to go over unto the Philistines' garrison, there was a sharp rock on the one side, and a sharp rock on the other side: and the name of the one was Bozez, and the name of the other Seneh.

5 The forefront of the one was situate northward over against Michmash, and the other southward over against Gibeah.

6 And Jonathan said to the young man that bare his armour, Come, and let us go over unto the garrison of these uncircumcised: it may be that the LORD will work for us: for there is no restraint to the LORD to save by many or by few.

7 And his armourbearer said unto him, Do all that is in thine heart: turn thee; behold, I am with thee according to thy heart.

8 Then said Jonathan, Behold, we will pass over unto these men, and we will discover ourselves unto them.

9 If they say thus unto us, Tarry until we come to you; then we will stand still in our place, and will not go up unto them.

10 But if they say thus, Come up unto us; then we will go up: for the LORD hath delivered them into our hand: and this shall be a sign unto us.

11 And both of them discovered themselves unto the garrison of the Philistines: and the Philistines said, Behold, the Hebrews come forth out of the holes where they had hid themselves.

12 And the men of the garrison answered Jonathan and his armourbearer, and said, Come up to us, and we will shew you a thing. And Jonathan said unto his armourbearer, Come up after me: for the LORD hath delivered them into the hand of Israel.

13 And Jonathan climbed up upon his hands and upon his feet, and his armourbearer after him: and they fell before Jonathan; and his armourbearer slew after him.

14 And that first slaughter, which Jonathan and his armourbearer made, was about twenty men, within as it were an half acre of land, which a yoke of oxen might plow.

15 And there was trembling in the host, in the field, and among all the people: the garrison, and the spoilers, they also trembled, and the earth quaked: so it was a very great trembling.

16 And the watchmen of Saul in Gibeah of Benjamin looked; and, behold, the multitude melted away, and they went on beating down one another.

17 Then said Saul unto the people that were with him, Number now, and see who is gone from us. And when they had numbered, behold, Jonathan and his armourbearer were not there.

18 And Saul said unto Ahiah, Bring hither the ark of God. For the ark of God was at that time with the children of Israel.

19 And it came to pass, while Saul talked unto the priest, that the noise that was in the host of the Philistines went on and increased: and Saul said unto the priest, Withdraw thine hand.

20 And Saul and all the people that were with him assembled themselves, and they came to the battle: and, behold, every man's sword was against his fellow, and there was a very great discomfiture.

21 Moreover the Hebrews that were with the Philistines before that time, which went up with them into the camp from the country round about, even they also turned to be with the Israelites that were with Saul and Jonathan.

22 Likewise all the men of Israel which had hid themselves in mount Ephraim, when they heard that the Philistines fled, even they also followed hard after them in the battle.

23 So the LORD saved Israel that day: and the battle passed over unto Bethaven.

24 And the men of Israel were distressed that day: for Saul had adjured the people, saying, Cursed be the man that eateth any food until evening, that I may be avenged on mine enemies. So none of the people tasted any food.

25 And all they of the land came to a wood; and there was honey upon the ground.

26 And when the people were come into the wood, behold, the honey dropped; but no man put his hand to his mouth: for the people feared the oath.

27 But Jonathan heard not when his father charged the people with the oath: wherefore he put forth the end of the rod that was in his hand, and dipped it in an honeycomb, and put his hand to his mouth; and his eyes were enlightened.

28 Then answered one of the people, and said, Thy father straitly charged the people with an oath, saying, Cursed be the man that eateth any food this day. And the people were faint.

29 Then said Jonathan, My father hath troubled the land: see, I pray you, how mine eyes have been enlightened, because I tasted a little of this honey.

30 How much more, if haply the people had eaten freely to day of the spoil of their enemies which they found? for had there not been now a much greater slaughter among the Philistines?

31 And they smote the Philistines that day from Michmash to Aijalon: and the people were very faint.

32 And the people flew upon the spoil, and took sheep, and oxen, and calves, and slew them on the ground: and the people did eat them with the blood.

33 Then they told Saul, saying, Behold, the people sin against the LORD, in that they eat with the blood. And he said, Ye have transgressed: roll a great stone unto me this day.

34 And Saul said, Disperse yourselves among the people, and say unto them, Bring me hither every man his ox, and every man his sheep, and slay them here, and eat; and sin not against the LORD in eating with the blood. And all the people brought every man his ox with him that night, and slew them there.

35 And Saul built an altar unto the LORD: the same was the first altar that he built unto the LORD.

36 And Saul said, Let us go down after the Philistines by night, and spoil them until the morning light, and let us not leave a man of them. And they said, Do whatsoever seemeth good unto thee. Then said the priest, Let us draw near hither unto God.

37 And Saul asked counsel of God, Shall I go down after the Philistines? wilt thou deliver them into the hand of Israel? But he answered him not that day.

38 And Saul said, Draw ye near hither, all the chief of the people: and know and see wherein this sin hath been this day.

39 For, as the LORD liveth, which saveth Israel, though it be in Jonathan my son, he shall surely die. But there was not a man among all the people that answered him.

40 Then said he unto all Israel, Be ye on one side, and I and Jonathan my son will be on the other side. And the people said unto Saul, Do what seemeth good unto thee.

41 Therefore Saul said unto the LORD God of Israel, Give a perfect lot. And Saul and Jonathan were taken: but the people escaped.

42 And Saul said, Cast lots between me and Jonathan my son. And Jonathan was taken.

43 Then Saul said to Jonathan, Tell me what thou hast done. And Jonathan told him, and said, I did but taste a little honey with the end of the rod that was in mine hand, and, lo, I must die.

44 And Saul answered, God do so and more also: for thou shalt surely die, Jonathan.

45 And the people said unto Saul, Shall Jonathan die, who hath wrought this great salvation in Israel? God forbid: as the LORD liveth, there shall not one hair of his head fall to the ground; for he hath wrought with God this day. So the people rescued Jonathan, that he died not.

46 Then Saul went up from following the Philistines: and the Philistines went to their own place.

47 So Saul took the kingdom over Israel, and fought against all his enemies on every side, against Moab, and against the children of Ammon, and against Edom, and against the kings of Zobah, and against the Philistines: and whithersoever he turned himself, he vexed them.

48 And he gathered an host, and smote the Amalekites, and delivered Israel out of the hands of them that spoiled them.

49 Now the sons of Saul were Jonathan, and Ishui, and Melchishua: and the names of his two daughters were these; the name of the firstborn Merab, and the name of the younger Michal:

50 And the name of Saul's wife was Ahinoam, the daughter of Ahimaaz: and the name of the captain of his host was Abner, the son of Ner, Saul's uncle.

51 And Kish was the father of Saul; and Ner the father of Abner was the son of Abiel.

52 And there was sore war against the Philistines all the days of Saul: and when Saul saw any strong man, or any valiant man, he took him unto him.

Latin Vulgate

1 Samuel 13

1 filius unius anni Saul cum regnare coepisset duobus autem annis regnavit super Israhel

2 et elegit sibi Saul tria milia de Israhel et erant cum Saul duo milia in Machmas et in monte Bethel mille autem cum Ionathan in Gabaath Beniamin porro ceterum populum remisit unumquemque in tabernacula sua

3 et percussit Ionathan stationem Philisthim quae erat in Gabaa quod cum audissent Philisthim Saul cecinit bucina in omni terra dicens audiant Hebraei

4 et universus Israhel audivit huiuscemodi famam percussit Saul stationem Philisthinorum et erexit se Israhel adversum Philisthim clamavit ergo populus post Saul in Galgala

5 et Philisthim congregati sunt ad proeliandum contra Israhel triginta milia curruum et sex milia equitum et reliquum vulgus sicut harena quae est in litore maris plurima et ascendentes castrametati sunt in Machmas ad orientem Bethaven

6 quod cum vidissent viri Israhel se in arto sitos adflictus est enim populus absconderunt se in speluncis et in abditis in petris quoque et in antris et in cisternis

7 Hebraei autem transierunt Iordanem terram Gad et Galaad cumque adhuc esset Saul in Galgal universus populus perterritus est qui sequebatur eum

8 et expectavit septem diebus iuxta placitum Samuhel et non venit Samuhel in Galgala dilapsusque est populus ab eo

9 ait ergo Saul adferte mihi holocaustum et pacifica et obtulit holocaustum

10 cumque conplesset offerens holocaustum ecce Samuhel veniebat et egressus est Saul obviam ei ut salutaret eum

11 locutusque est ad eum Samuhel quid fecisti respondit Saul quia vidi quod dilaberetur populus a me et tu non veneras iuxta placitos dies porro Philisthim congregati fuerant in Machmas

12 dixi nunc descendent Philisthim ad me in Galgala et faciem Domini non placavi necessitate conpulsus obtuli holocaustum

13 dixitque Samuhel ad Saul stulte egisti nec custodisti mandata Domini Dei tui quae praecepit tibi quod si non fecisses iam nunc praeparasset Dominus regnum tuum super Israhel in sempiternum

14 sed nequaquam regnum tuum ultra consurget quaesivit sibi Dominus virum iuxta cor suum et praecepit ei Dominus ut esset dux super populum suum eo quod non servaveris quae praecepit Dominus

15 surrexit autem Samuhel et ascendit de Galgalis in Gabaa Beniamin et recensuit Saul populum qui inventi fuerant cum eo quasi sescentos viros

16 et Saul et Ionathan filius eius populusque qui inventus fuerat cum eis erat in Gabaa Beniamin porro Philisthim consederant in Machmas

17 et egressi sunt ad praedandum de castris Philisthim tres cunei unus cuneus pergebat contra viam Ephra ad terram Saul

18 porro alius ingrediebatur per viam Bethoron tertius autem verterat se ad iter termini inminentis valli Seboim contra desertum

19 porro faber ferrarius non inveniebatur in omni terra Israhel caverant enim Philisthim ne forte facerent Hebraei gladium aut lanceam

20 descendebat ergo omnis Israhel ad Philisthim ut exacueret unusquisque vomerem suum et ligonem et securim et sarculum

21 retunsae itaque erant acies vomerum et ligonum et tridentum et securium usque ad stimulum corrigendum

22 cumque venisset dies proelii non est inventus ensis et lancea in manu totius populi qui erat cum Saul et cum Ionathan excepto Saul et Ionathan filio eius

23 egressa est autem statio Philisthim ut transcenderet in Machmas

1 Samuel 14

1 et accidit quadam die ut diceret Ionathan filius Saul ad adulescentem armigerum suum veni et transeamus ad stationem Philisthim quae est trans locum illum patri autem suo hoc ipsum non indicavit

2 porro Saul morabatur in extrema parte Gabaa sub malogranato quae erat in Magron et erat populus cum eo quasi sescentorum virorum

3 et Ahias filius Achitob fratris Ichabod filii Finees qui ortus fuerat ex Heli sacerdote Domini in Silo portabat ephod sed et populus ignorabat quod isset Ionathan

4 erant autem inter ascensus per quos nitebatur Ionathan transire ad stationem Philisthinorum eminentes petrae ex utraque parte et quasi in modum dentium scopuli hinc inde praerupti nomen uni Boses et nomen alteri Sene

5 unus scopulus prominens ad aquilonem ex adverso Machmas et alter a meridie contra Gabaa

6 dixit autem Ionathan ad adulescentem armigerum suum veni transeamus ad stationem incircumcisorum horum si forte faciat Dominus pro nobis quia non est Domino difficile salvare vel in multitudine vel in paucis

7 dixitque ei armiger suus fac omnia quae placent animo tuo perge quo cupis ero tecum ubicumque volueris

8 et ait Ionathan ecce nos transimus ad viros istos cumque apparuerimus eis

9 si taliter locuti fuerint ad nos manete donec veniamus ad vos stemus in loco nostro nec ascendamus ad eos

10 si autem dixerint ascendite ad nos ascendamus quia tradidit eos Dominus in manibus nostris hoc erit nobis signum

11 apparuit igitur uterque stationi Philisthinorum dixeruntque Philisthim en Hebraei egrediuntur de cavernis in quibus absconditi fuerant

12 et locuti sunt viri de statione ad Ionathan et ad armigerum eius dixeruntque ascendite ad nos et ostendimus vobis rem et ait Ionathan ad armigerum suum ascendamus sequere me tradidit enim eos Dominus in manu Israhel

13 ascendit autem Ionathan reptans manibus et pedibus et armiger eius post eum itaque alii cadebant ante Ionathan alios armiger eius interficiebat sequens eum

14 et facta est plaga prima quam percussit Ionathan et armiger eius quasi viginti virorum in media parte iugeri quam par boum in die arare consuevit

15 et factum est miraculum in castris per agros sed et omnis populus stationis eorum qui ierant ad praedandum obstipuit et conturbata est terra et accidit quasi miraculum a Deo

16 et respexerunt speculatores Saul qui erant in Gabaa Beniamin et ecce multitudo prostrata et huc illucque diffugiens

17 et ait Saul populo qui erat cum eo requirite et videte quis abierit ex nobis cumque requisissent reppertum est non adesse Ionathan et armigerum eius

18 et ait Saul ad Ahiam adplica arcam Dei erat enim ibi arca Dei in die illa cum filiis Israhel

19 cumque loqueretur Saul ad sacerdotem tumultus magnus exortus est in castris Philisthinorum crescebatque paulatim et clarius reboabat et ait Saul ad sacerdotem contrahe manum tuam

20 conclamavit ergo Saul et omnis populus qui erat cum eo et venerunt usque ad locum certaminis et ecce versus fuerat gladius uniuscuiusque ad proximum suum et caedes magna nimis

21 sed et Hebraei qui fuerant cum Philisthim heri et nudius tertius ascenderantque cum eis in castris reversi sunt ut essent cum Israhele qui erant cum Saul et Ionathan

22 omnes quoque Israhelitae qui se absconderant in monte Ephraim audientes quod fugissent Philisthim sociaverunt se cum suis in proelio

23 et salvavit Dominus in die illa Israhel pugna autem pervenit usque Bethaven

24 et vir Israhel sociatus sibi est in die illa adiuravit autem Saul populum dicens maledictus vir qui comederit panem usque ad vesperam donec ulciscar de inimicis meis et non manducavit universus populus panem

25 omneque terrae vulgus venit in saltum in quo erat mel super faciem agri

26 ingressus est itaque populus saltum et apparuit fluens mel nullusque adplicuit manum ad os suum timebat enim populus iuramentum

27 porro Ionathan non audierat cum adiuraret pater eius populum extenditque summitatem virgae quam habebat in manu et intinxit in favo mellis et convertit manum suam ad os suum et inluminati sunt oculi eius

28 respondensque unus de populo ait iureiurando constrinxit pater tuus populum dicens maledictus qui comederit panem hodie defecerat autem populus

29 dixitque Ionathan turbavit pater meus terram vidistis ipsi quia inluminati sunt oculi mei eo quod gustaverim paululum de melle isto

30 quanto magis si comedisset populus de praeda inimicorum suorum quam repperit nonne maior facta fuisset plaga in Philisthim

31 percusserunt ergo in die illa Philistheos a Machmis usque in Ahialon defatigatus est autem populus nimis

32 et versus ad praedam tulit oves et boves et vitulos et mactaverunt in terra comeditque populus cum sanguine

33 nuntiaverunt autem Saul dicentes quod populus peccasset Domino comedens cum sanguine qui ait praevaricati estis volvite ad me iam nunc saxum grande

34 et dixit Saul dispergimini in vulgus et dicite eis ut adducat ad me unusquisque bovem suum et arietem et occidite super istud et vescimini et non peccabitis Domino comedentes cum sanguine adduxit itaque omnis populus unusquisque bovem in manu sua usque ad noctem et occiderunt ibi

35 aedificavit autem Saul altare Domini tuncque primum coepit aedificare altare Domini

36 et dixit Saul inruamus super Philisthim nocte et vastemus eos usque dum inlucescat mane nec relinquamus de eis virum dixitque populus omne quod bonum videtur in oculis tuis fac et ait sacerdos accedamus huc ad Deum

37 et consuluit Saul Deum num persequar Philisthim si trades eos in manu Israhel et non respondit ei in die illa

38 dixitque Saul adplicate huc universos angulos populi et scitote et videte per quem acciderit peccatum hoc hodie

39 vivit Dominus salvator Israhel quia si per Ionathan filium meum factum est absque retractatione morietur ad quod nullus contradixit ei de omni populo

40 et ait ad universum Israhel separamini vos in partem unam et ego cum Ionathan filio meo ero in parte una respondit populus ad Saul quod bonum videtur in oculis tuis fac

41 et dixit Saul ad Dominum Deum Israhel da indicium et deprehensus est Ionathan et Saul populus autem exivit

42 et ait Saul mittite sortem inter me et inter Ionathan filium meum et captus est Ionathan

43 dixit autem Saul ad Ionathan indica mihi quid feceris et indicavit ei Ionathan et ait gustans gustavi in summitate virgae quae erat in manu mea paululum mellis et ecce ego morior

44 et ait Saul haec faciat mihi Deus et haec addat quia morte morieris Ionathan

45 dixitque populus ad Saul ergone Ionathan morietur qui fecit salutem hanc magnam in Israhel hoc nefas est vivit Dominus si ceciderit capillus de capite eius in terram quia cum Deo operatus est hodie liberavit ergo populus Ionathan ut non moreretur

46 recessitque Saul nec persecutus est Philisthim porro Philisthim abierunt in loca sua

47 at Saul confirmato regno super Israhel pugnabat per circuitum adversum omnes inimicos eius contra Moab et filios Ammon et Edom et reges Suba et Philistheos et quocumque se verterat superabat

48 congregatoque exercitu percussit Amalech et eruit Israhel de manu vastatorum eius

49 fuerunt autem filii Saul Ionathan et Iesui et Melchisua nomina duarum filiarum eius nomen primogenitae Merob et nomen minoris Michol

50 et nomen uxoris Saul Ahinoem filia Ahimaas et nomina principum militiae eius Abner filius Ner patruelis Saul

51 Cis fuerat pater Saul et Ner pater Abner filius Abihel

52 erat autem bellum potens adversum Philistheos omnibus diebus Saul nam quemcumque viderat Saul virum fortem et aptum ad proelium sociabat eum sibi

NASB 1977

1 Samuel 13

1 Saul was {forty} years old when he began to reign, and he reigned {thirty}-two years over Israel.

2 Now Saul chose for himself 3,000 men of Israel, of which 2,000 were with Saul in Michmash and in the hill country of Bethel, while 1,000 were with Jonathan at Gibeah of Benjamin. But he sent away the rest of the people, each to his tent.

3 And Jonathan smote the garrison of the Philistines that was in Geba, and the Philistines heard of {it.} Then Saul blew the trumpet throughout the land, saying, ``Let the Hebrews hear."

4 And all Israel heard the news that Saul had smitten the garrison of the Philistines, and also that Israel had become odious to the Philistines. The people were then summoned to Saul at Gilgal.

5 Now the Philistines assembled to fight with Israel, 30,000 chariots and 6,000 horsemen, and people like the sand which is on the seashore in abundance; and they came up and camped in Michmash, east of Beth-aven.

6 When the men of Israel saw that they were in a strait (for the people were hard-pressed), then the people hid themselves in caves, in thickets, in cliffs, in cellars, and in pits.

7 Also {some of} the Hebrews crossed the Jordan into the land of Gad and Gilead. But as for Saul, he {was} still in Gilgal, and all the people followed him trembling.

8 Now he waited seven days, according to the appointed time set by Samuel, but Samuel did not come to Gilgal; and the people were scattering from him.

9 So Saul said, ``Bring to me the burnt offering and the peace offerings." And he offered the burnt offering.

10 And it came about as soon as he finished offering the burnt offering, that behold, Samuel came; and Saul went out to meet him {and} to greet him.

11 But Samuel said, ``What have you done?" And Saul said, ``Because I saw that the people were scattering from me, and that you did not come within the appointed days, and that the Philistines were assembling at Michmash,

12 therefore I said, `Now the Philistines will come down against me at Gilgal, and I have not asked the favor of the LORD.' So I forced myself and offered the burnt offering."

13 And Samuel said to Saul, ``You have acted foolishly; you have not kept the commandment of the LORD your God, which He commanded you, for now the LORD would have established your kingdom over Israel forever.

14 ``But now your kingdom shall not endure. The LORD has sought out for Himself a man after His own heart, and the LORD has appointed him as ruler over His people, because you have not kept what the LORD commanded you."

15 Then Samuel arose and went up from Gilgal to Gibeah of Benjamin. And Saul numbered the people who were present with him, about six hundred men.

16 Now Saul and his son Jonathan and the people who were present with them were staying in Geba of Benjamin while the Philistines camped at Michmash.

17 And the raiders came from the camp of the Philistines in three companies: one company turned toward Ophrah, to the land of Shual,

18 and another company turned toward Beth-horon, and another company turned toward the border which overlooks the valley of Zeboim toward the wilderness.

19 Now no blacksmith could be found in all the land of Israel, for the Philistines said, ``Lest the Hebrews make swords or spears."

20 So all Israel went down to the Philistines, each to sharpen his plowshare, his mattock, his axe, and his hoe.

21 And the charge was two-thirds of a shekel for the plowshares, the mattocks, the forks, and the axes, and to fix the hoes.

22 So it came about on the day of battle that neither sword nor spear was found in the hands of any of the people who {were} with Saul and Jonathan, but they were found with Saul and his son Jonathan.

23 And the garrison of the Philistines went out to the pass of Michmash.

1 Samuel 14

1 Now the day came that Jonathan, the son of Saul, said to the young man who was carrying his armor, ``Come and let us cross over to the Philistines' garrison that is on yonder side." But he did not tell his father.

2 And Saul was staying in the outskirts of Gibeah under the pomegranate tree which is in Migron. And the people who {were} with him {were} about six hundred men,

3 and Ahijah, the son of Ahitub, Ichabod's brother, the son of Phinehas, the son of Eli, the priest of the LORD at Shiloh, was wearing an ephod. And the people did not know that Jonathan had gone.

4 And between the passes by which Jonathan sought to cross over to the Philistines' garrison, there was a sharp crag on the one side, and a sharp crag on the other side, and the name of the one was Bozez, and the name of the other Seneh.

5 The one crag rose on the north opposite Michmash, and the other on the south opposite Geba.

6 Then Jonathan said to the young man who was carrying his armor, ``Come and let us cross over to the garrison of these uncircumcised; perhaps the LORD will work for us, for the LORD is not restrained to save by many or by few."

7 And his armor bearer said to him, ``Do all that is in your heart; turn yourself, {and} here I am with you according to your desire."

8 Then Jonathan said, ``Behold, we will cross over to the men and reveal ourselves to them.

9 ``If they say to us, `Wait until we come to you'; then we will stand in our place and not go up to them.

10 ``But if they say, `Come up to us,' then we will go up, for the LORD has given them into our hands; and this shall be the sign to us."

11 And when both of them revealed themselves to the garrison of the Philistines, the Philistines said, ``Behold, Hebrews are coming out of the holes where they have hidden themselves."

12 So the men of the garrison hailed Jonathan and his armor bearer and said, ``Come up to us and we will tell you something." And Jonathan said to his armor bearer, ``Come up after me, for the LORD has given them into the hands of Israel."

13 Then Jonathan climbed up on his hands and feet, with his armor bearer behind him; and they fell before Jonathan, and his armor bearer put some to death after him.

14 And that first slaughter which Jonathan and his armor bearer made was about twenty men within about half a furrow in an acre of land.

15 And there was a trembling in the camp, in the field, and among all the people. Even the garrison and the raiders trembled, and the earth quaked so that it became a great trembling.

16 Now Saul's watchmen in Gibeah of Benjamin looked, and behold, the multitude melted away; and they went here and {there.}

17 And Saul said to the people who {were} with him, ``Number now and see who has gone from us." And when they had numbered, behold, Jonathan and his armor bearer were not {there.}

18 Then Saul said to Ahijah, ``Bring the ark of God here." For the ark of God was at that time with the sons of Israel.

19 And it happened while Saul talked to the priest, that the commotion in the camp of the Philistines continued and increased; so Saul said to the priest, ``Withdraw your hand."

20 Then Saul and all the people who {were} with him rallied and came to the battle; and behold, every man's sword was against his fellow, {and there was} very great confusion.

21 Now the Hebrews {who} were with the Philistines previously, who went up with them all around in the camp, even they also {turned} to be with the Israelites who {were} with Saul and Jonathan.

22 When all the men of Israel who had hidden themselves in the hill country of Ephraim heard that the Philistines had fled, even they also pursued them closely in the battle.

23 So the LORD delivered Israel that day, and the battle spread beyond Beth-aven.

24 Now the men of Israel were hard-pressed on that day, for Saul had put the people under oath, saying, ``Cursed be the man who eats food before evening, and until I have avenged myself on my enemies." So none of the people tasted food.

25 And all {the people of} the land entered the forest, and there was honey on the ground.

26 When the people entered the forest, behold, {there was} a flow of honey; but no man put his hand to his mouth, for the people feared the oath.

27 But Jonathan had not heard when his father put the people under oath; therefore, he put out the end of the staff that {was} in his hand and dipped it in the honeycomb, and put his hand to his mouth, and his eyes brightened.

28 Then one of the people answered and said, ``Your father strictly put the people under oath, saying, `Cursed be the man who eats food today.'" And the people were weary.

29 Then Jonathan said, ``My father has troubled the land. See now, how my eyes have brightened because I tasted a little of this honey.

30 ``How much more, if only the people had eaten freely today of the spoil of their enemies which they found! For now the slaughter among the Philistines has not been great."

31 And they struck among the Philistines that day from Michmash to Aijalon. And the people were very weary.

32 And the people rushed greedily upon the spoil, and took sheep and oxen and calves, and slew {them} on the ground; and the people ate {them} with the blood.

33 Then they told Saul, saying, ``Behold, the people are sinning against the LORD by eating with the blood." And he said, ``You have acted treacherously; roll a great stone to me today."

34 And Saul said, ``Disperse yourselves among the people and say to them, `Each one of you bring me his ox or his sheep, and slaughter {it} here and eat; and do not sin against the LORD by eating with the blood.'" So all the people that night brought each one his ox with him, and slaughtered {it} there.

35 And Saul built an altar to the LORD; it was the first altar that he built to the LORD.

36 Then Saul said, ``Let us go down after the Philistines by night and take spoil among them until the morning light, and let us not leave a man of them." And they said, ``Do whatever seems good to you." So the priest said, ``Let us draw near to God here."

37 And Saul inquired of God, ``Shall I go down after the Philistines? Wilt Thou give them into the hand of Israel?" But He did not answer him on that day.

38 And Saul said, ``Draw near here, all you chiefs of the people, and investigate and see how this sin has happened today.

39 ``For as the LORD lives, who delivers Israel, though it is in Jonathan my son, he shall surely die." But not one of all the people answered him.

40 Then he said to all Israel, ``You shall be on one side and I and Jonathan my son will be on the other side." And the people said to Saul, ``Do what seems good to you."

41 Therefore, Saul said to the LORD, the God of Israel, ``Give a perfect {lot.}" And Jonathan and Saul were taken, but the people escaped.

42 And Saul said, ``Cast {lots} between me and Jonathan my son." And Jonathan was taken.

43 Then Saul said to Jonathan, ``Tell me what you have done." So Jonathan told him and said, ``I indeed tasted a little honey with the end of the staff that was in my hand. Here I am, I must die!"

44 And Saul said, ``May God do this {to me} and more also, for you shall surely die, Jonathan."

45 But the people said to Saul, ``Must Jonathan die, who has brought about this great deliverance in Israel? Far from it! As the LORD lives, there shall not one hair of his head fall to the ground, for he has worked with God this day." So the people rescued Jonathan and he did not die.

46 Then Saul went up from pursuing the Philistines, and the Philistines went to their own place.

47 Now when Saul had taken the kingdom over Israel, he fought against all his enemies on every side, against Moab, the sons of Ammon, Edom, the kings of Zobah, and the Philistines; and wherever he turned, he inflicted punishment.

48 And he acted valiantly and defeated the Amalekites, and delivered Israel from the hands of those who plundered them.

49 Now the sons of Saul were Jonathan and Ishvi and Malchi-shua; and the names of his two daughters {were these:} the name of the first-born Merab and the name of the younger Michal.

50 And the name of Saul's wife was Ahinoam the daughter of Ahimaaz. And the name of the captain of his army was Abner the son of Ner, Saul's uncle.

51 And Kish {was} the father of Saul, and Ner the father of Abner {was} the son of Abiel.

52 Now the war against the Philistines was severe all the days of Saul; and when Saul saw any mighty man or any valiant man, he attached him to his staff.

NASB 1995

1 Samuel 13

1 Saul was {thirty} years old when he began to reign, and he reigned {forty} two years over Israel.

2 Now Saul chose for himself 3,000 men of Israel, of which 2,000 were with Saul in Michmash and in the hill country of Bethel, while 1,000 were with Jonathan at Gibeah of Benjamin. But he sent away the rest of the people, each to his tent.

3 Jonathan smote the garrison of the Philistines that was in Geba, and the Philistines heard of {it.} Then Saul blew the trumpet throughout the land, saying, ``Let the Hebrews hear."

4 All Israel heard the news that Saul had smitten the garrison of the Philistines, and also that Israel had become odious to the Philistines. The people were then summoned to Saul at Gilgal.

5 Now the Philistines assembled to fight with Israel, 30,000 chariots and 6,000 horsemen, and people like the sand which is on the seashore in abundance; and they came up and camped in Michmash, east of Beth-aven.

6 When the men of Israel saw that they were in a strait (for the people were hard-pressed), then the people hid themselves in caves, in thickets, in cliffs, in cellars, and in pits.

7 Also {some of} the Hebrews crossed the Jordan into the land of Gad and Gilead. But as for Saul, he {was} still in Gilgal, and all the people followed him trembling.

8 Now he waited seven days, according to the appointed time set by Samuel, but Samuel did not come to Gilgal; and the people were scattering from him.

9 So Saul said, ``Bring to me the burnt offering and the peace offerings." And he offered the burnt offering.

10 As soon as he finished offering the burnt offering, behold, Samuel came; and Saul went out to meet him {and} to greet him.

11 But Samuel said, ``What have you done?" And Saul said, ``Because I saw that the people were scattering from me, and that you did not come within the appointed days, and that the Philistines were assembling at Michmash,

12 therefore I said, `Now the Philistines will come down against me at Gilgal, and I have not asked the favor of the LORD.' So I forced myself and offered the burnt offering."

13 Samuel said to Saul, ``You have acted foolishly; you have not kept the commandment of the LORD your God, which He commanded you, for now the LORD would have established your kingdom over Israel forever.

14 ``But now your kingdom shall not endure. The LORD has sought out for Himself a man after His own heart, and the LORD has appointed him as ruler over His people, because you have not kept what the LORD commanded you."

15 Then Samuel arose and went up from Gilgal to Gibeah of Benjamin. And Saul numbered the people who were present with him, about six hundred men.

16 Now Saul and his son Jonathan and the people who were present with them were staying in Geba of Benjamin while the Philistines camped at Michmash.

17 And the raiders came from the camp of the Philistines in three companies: one company turned toward Ophrah, to the land of Shual,

18 and another company turned toward Beth-horon, and another company turned toward the border which overlooks the valley of Zeboim toward the wilderness.

19 Now no blacksmith could be found in all the land of Israel, for the Philistines said, ``Otherwise the Hebrews will make swords or spears."

20 So all Israel went down to the Philistines, each to sharpen his plowshare, his mattock, his axe, and his hoe.

21 The charge was two-thirds of a shekel for the plowshares, the mattocks, the forks, and the axes, and to fix the hoes.

22 So it came about on the day of battle that neither sword nor spear was found in the hands of any of the people who {were} with Saul and Jonathan, but they were found with Saul and his son Jonathan.

23 And the garrison of the Philistines went out to the pass of Michmash.

1 Samuel 14

1 Now the day came that Jonathan, the son of Saul, said to the young man who was carrying his armor, ``Come and let us cross over to the Philistines' garrison that is on the other side." But he did not tell his father.

2 Saul was staying in the outskirts of Gibeah under the pomegranate tree which is in Migron. And the people who {were} with him {were} about six hundred men,

3 and Ahijah, the son of Ahitub, Ichabod's brother, the son of Phinehas, the son of Eli, the priest of the LORD at Shiloh, was wearing an ephod. And the people did not know that Jonathan had gone.

4 Between the passes by which Jonathan sought to cross over to the Philistines' garrison, there was a sharp crag on the one side and a sharp crag on the other side, and the name of the one was Bozez, and the name of the other Seneh.

5 The one crag rose on the north opposite Michmash, and the other on the south opposite Geba.

6 Then Jonathan said to the young man who was carrying his armor, ``Come and let us cross over to the garrison of these uncircumcised; perhaps the LORD will work for us, for the LORD is not restrained to save by many or by few."

7 His armor bearer said to him, ``Do all that is in your heart; turn yourself, {and} here I am with you according to your desire."

8 Then Jonathan said, ``Behold, we will cross over to the men and reveal ourselves to them.

9 ``If they say to us, `Wait until we come to you'; then we will stand in our place and not go up to them.

10 ``But if they say, `Come up to us,' then we will go up, for the LORD has given them into our hands; and this shall be the sign to us."

11 When both of them revealed themselves to the garrison of the Philistines, the Philistines said, ``Behold, Hebrews are coming out of the holes where they have hidden themselves."

12 So the men of the garrison hailed Jonathan and his armor bearer and said, ``Come up to us and we will tell you something." And Jonathan said to his armor bearer, ``Come up after me, for the LORD has given them into the hands of Israel."

13 Then Jonathan climbed up on his hands and feet, with his armor bearer behind him; and they fell before Jonathan, and his armor bearer put some to death after him.

14 That first slaughter which Jonathan and his armor bearer made was about twenty men within about half a furrow in an acre of land.

15 And there was a trembling in the camp, in the field, and among all the people. Even the garrison and the raiders trembled, and the earth quaked so that it became a great trembling.

16 Now Saul's watchmen in Gibeah of Benjamin looked, and behold, the multitude melted away; and they went here and {there.}

17 Saul said to the people who {were} with him, ``Number now and see who has gone from us." And when they had numbered, behold, Jonathan and his armor bearer were not {there.}

18 Then Saul said to Ahijah, ``Bring the ark of God here." For the ark of God was at that time with the sons of Israel.

19 While Saul talked to the priest, the commotion in the camp of the Philistines continued and increased; so Saul said to the priest, ``Withdraw your hand."

20 Then Saul and all the people who {were} with him rallied and came to the battle; and behold, every man's sword was against his fellow, {and there was} very great confusion.

21 Now the Hebrews {who} were with the Philistines previously, who went up with them all around in the camp, even they also {turned} to be with the Israelites who {were} with Saul and Jonathan.

22 When all the men of Israel who had hidden themselves in the hill country of Ephraim heard that the Philistines had fled, even they also pursued them closely in the battle.

23 So the LORD delivered Israel that day, and the battle spread beyond Beth-aven.

24 Now the men of Israel were hard-pressed on that day, for Saul had put the people under oath, saying, ``Cursed be the man who eats food before evening, and until I have avenged myself on my enemies." So none of the people tasted food.

25 All {the people of} the land entered the forest, and there was honey on the ground.

26 When the people entered the forest, behold, {there was} a flow of honey; but no man put his hand to his mouth, for the people feared the oath.

27 But Jonathan had not heard when his father put the people under oath; therefore, he put out the end of the staff that {was} in his hand and dipped it in the honeycomb, and put his hand to his mouth, and his eyes brightened.

28 Then one of the people said, ``Your father strictly put the people under oath, saying, `Cursed be the man who eats food today.'" And the people were weary.

29 Then Jonathan said, ``My father has troubled the land. See now, how my eyes have brightened because I tasted a little of this honey.

30 ``How much more, if only the people had eaten freely today of the spoil of their enemies which they found! For now the slaughter among the Philistines has not been great."

31 They struck among the Philistines that day from Michmash to Aijalon. And the people were very weary.

32 The people rushed greedily upon the spoil, and took sheep and oxen and calves, and slew {them} on the ground; and the people ate {them} with the blood.

33 Then they told Saul, saying, ``Behold, the people are sinning against the LORD by eating with the blood." And he said, ``You have acted treacherously; roll a great stone to me today."

34 Saul said, ``Disperse yourselves among the people and say to them, `Each one of you bring me his ox or his sheep, and slaughter {it} here and eat; and do not sin against the LORD by eating with the blood.'" So all the people that night brought each one his ox with him and slaughtered {it} there.

35 And Saul built an altar to the LORD; it was the first altar that he built to the LORD.

36 Then Saul said, ``Let us go down after the Philistines by night and take spoil among them until the morning light, and let us not leave a man of them." And they said, ``Do whatever seems good to you." So the priest said, ``Let us draw near to God here."

37 Saul inquired of God, ``Shall I go down after the Philistines? Will You give them into the hand of Israel?" But He did not answer him on that day.

38 Saul said, ``Draw near here, all you chiefs of the people, and investigate and see how this sin has happened today.

39 ``For as the LORD lives, who delivers Israel, though it is in Jonathan my son, he shall surely die." But not one of all the people answered him.

40 Then he said to all Israel, ``You shall be on one side and I and Jonathan my son will be on the other side." And the people said to Saul, ``Do what seems good to you."

41 Therefore, Saul said to the LORD, the God of Israel, ``Give a perfect {lot.}" And Jonathan and Saul were taken, but the people escaped.

42 Saul said, ``Cast {lots} between me and Jonathan my son." And Jonathan was taken.

43 Then Saul said to Jonathan, ``Tell me what you have done." So Jonathan told him and said, ``I indeed tasted a little honey with the end of the staff that was in my hand. Here I am, I must die!"

44 Saul said, ``May God do this {to me} and more also, for you shall surely die, Jonathan."

45 But the people said to Saul, ``Must Jonathan die, who has brought about this great deliverance in Israel? Far from it! As the LORD lives, not one hair of his head shall fall to the ground, for he has worked with God this day." So the people rescued Jonathan and he did not die.

46 Then Saul went up from pursuing the Philistines, and the Philistines went to their own place.

47 Now when Saul had taken the kingdom over Israel, he fought against all his enemies on every side, against Moab, the sons of Ammon, Edom, the kings of Zobah, and the Philistines; and wherever he turned, he inflicted punishment.

48 He acted valiantly and defeated the Amalekites, and delivered Israel from the hands of those who plundered them.

49 Now the sons of Saul were Jonathan and Ishvi and Malchi-shua; and the names of his two daughters {were these:} the name of the firstborn Merab and the name of the younger Michal.

50 The name of Saul's wife was Ahinoam the daughter of Ahimaaz. And the name of the captain of his army was Abner the son of Ner, Saul's uncle.

51 Kish {was} the father of Saul, and Ner the father of Abner {was} the son of Abiel.

52 Now the war against the Philistines was severe all the days of Saul; and when Saul saw any mighty man or any valiant man, he attached him to his staff.

NET Bible

1 Samuel 13

1 Saul was [thirty] years old when he began to reign; he ruled over Israel for [forty] years.

2 Saul selected for himself three thousand men from Israel. Two thousand of these were with Saul at Micmash and in the hill country of Bethel; the remaining thousand were with Jonathan at Gibeah in the territory of Benjamin. He sent all the rest of the people back home.

3 Jonathan attacked the Philistine outpost that was at Geba and the Philistines heard about it. Then Saul alerted all the land saying, “Let the Hebrews pay attention!”

4 All Israel heard this message, “Saul has attacked the Philistine outpost, and now Israel is repulsive to the Philistines!” So the people were summoned to join Saul at Gilgal.

5 For the battle with Israel the Philistines had amassed 3,000 chariots, 6,000 horsemen, and an army as numerous as the sand on the seashore. They went up and camped at Micmash, east of Beth Aven.

6 The men of Israel realized they had a problem because their army was hard pressed. So the army hid in caves, thickets, cliffs, strongholds, and cisterns.

7 Some of the Hebrews crossed over the Jordan River to the land of Gad and Gilead. But Saul stayed at Gilgal; the entire army that was with him was terrified.

8 He waited for seven days, the time period indicated by Samuel. But Samuel did not come to Gilgal, and the army began to abandon Saul.

9 So Saul said, “Bring me the burnt offering and the peace offerings.” Then he offered a burnt offering.

10 Just when he had finished offering the burnt offering, Samuel appeared on the scene. Saul went out to meet him and to greet him.

11 But Samuel said, “What have you done?” Saul replied, “When I saw that the army had started to abandon me and that you didn’t come at the appointed time and that the Philistines had assembled at Micmash,

12 I thought, ‘Now the Philistines will come down on me at Gilgal and I have not sought the LORD’s favor.’ So I felt obligated to offer the burnt offering.”

13 Then Samuel said to Saul, “You have made a foolish choice! You have not obeyed the commandment that the LORD your God gave you. Had you done that, the LORD would have established your kingdom over Israel forever!

14 But now your kingdom will not continue! The LORD has sought out for himself a man who is loyal to him and the LORD has appointed him to be leader over his people, for you have not obeyed what the LORD commanded you.”

15 Then Samuel set out and went up from Gilgal to Gibeah in the territory of Benjamin. Saul mustered the army that remained with him; there were about six hundred men.

16 Saul, his son Jonathan, and the army that remained with them stayed in Gibeah in the territory of Benjamin, while the Philistines camped in Micmash.

17 Raiding bands went out from the camp of the Philistines in three groups. One band turned toward the road leading to Ophrah by the land of Shual;

18 another band turned toward the road leading to Beth Horon; and yet another band turned toward the road leading to the border that overlooks the valley of Zeboim in the direction of the desert.

19 A blacksmith could not be found in all the land of Israel, for the Philistines had said, “This will prevent the Hebrews from making swords and spears.”

20 So all Israel had to go down to the Philistines in order to get their plowshares, cutting instruments, axes, and sickles sharpened.

21 They charged two-thirds of a shekel to sharpen plowshares and cutting instruments, and a third of a shekel to sharpen picks and axes, and to set ox goads.

22 So on the day of the battle no sword or spear was to be found in the hand of anyone in the army that was with Saul and Jonathan. No one but Saul and his son Jonathan had them.

23 A garrison of the Philistines had gone out to the pass at Micmash.

1 Samuel 14

1 Then one day Jonathan son of Saul said to his armor bearer, “Come on, let’s go over to the Philistine garrison that is opposite us.” But he did not let his father know.

2 Now Saul was sitting under a pomegranate tree in Migron, on the outskirts of Gibeah. The army that was with him numbered about six hundred men.

3 Now Ahijah was carrying an ephod. He was the son of Ahitub, who was the brother of Ichabod and a son of Phineas, son of Eli, the priest of the LORD in Shiloh. The army was unaware that Jonathan had left.

4 Now there was a steep cliff on each side of the pass through which Jonathan intended to go to reach the Philistine garrison. One cliff was named Bozez, the other Seneh.

5 The cliff to the north was closer to Micmash, the one to the south closer to Geba.

6 Jonathan said to his armor bearer, “Come on, let’s go over to the garrison of these uncircumcised men. Perhaps the LORD will intervene for us. Nothing can prevent the LORD from delivering, whether by many or by a few.”

7 His armor bearer said to him, “Do everything that is on your mind. Do as you’re inclined. I’m with you all the way!”

8 Jonathan replied, “All right! We’ll go over to these men and fight them.

9 If they say to us, ‘Stay put until we approach you,’ we will stay right there and not go up to them.

10 But if they say, ‘Come up against us,’ we will go up. For in that case the LORD has given them into our hand – it will be a sign to us.”

11 When they made themselves known to the Philistine garrison, the Philistines said, “Look! The Hebrews are coming out of the holes in which they hid themselves.”

12 Then the men of the garrison said to Jonathan and his armor bearer, “Come on up to us so we can teach you a thing or two!” Then Jonathan said to his armor bearer, “Come up behind me, for the LORD has given them into the hand of Israel!”

13 Jonathan crawled up on his hands and feet, with his armor bearer following behind him. Jonathan struck down the Philistines, while his armor bearer came along behind him and killed them.

14 In this initial skirmish Jonathan and his armor bearer struck down about twenty men in an area that measured half an acre.

15 Then fear overwhelmed those who were in the camp, those who were in the field, all the army in the garrison, and the raiding bands. They trembled and the ground shook. This fear was caused by God.

16 Saul’s watchmen at Gibeah in the territory of Benjamin looked on as the crowd of soldiers seemed to melt away first in one direction and then in another.

17 So Saul said to the army that was with him, “Muster the troops and see who is no longer with us.” When they mustered the troops, Jonathan and his armor bearer were not there.

18 So Saul said to Ahijah, “Bring near the ephod,” for he was at that time wearing the ephod.

19 While Saul spoke to the priest, the panic in the Philistines’ camp was becoming greater and greater. So Saul said to the priest, “Withdraw your hand!”

20 Saul and all the army that was with him assembled and marched into battle, where they found the Philistines in total panic killing one another with their swords.

21 The Hebrews who had earlier gone over to the Philistine side joined the Israelites who were with Saul and Jonathan.

22 When all the Israelites who had hidden themselves in the hill country of Ephraim heard that the Philistines had fled, they too pursued them in battle.

23 So the LORD delivered Israel that day, and the battle shifted over to Beth Aven.

24 Now the men of Israel were hard pressed that day, for Saul had made the army agree to this oath: “Cursed be the man who eats food before evening! I will get my vengeance on my enemies!” So no one in the army ate anything.

25 Now the whole army entered the forest and there was honey on the ground.

26 When the army entered the forest, they saw the honey flowing, but no one ate any of it, for the army was afraid of the oath.

27 But Jonathan had not heard about the oath his father had made the army take. He extended the end of his staff that was in his hand and dipped it in the honeycomb. When he ate it, his eyes gleamed.

28 Then someone from the army informed him, “Your father put the army under a strict oath saying, ‘Cursed be the man who eats food today!’ That is why the army is tired.”

29 Then Jonathan said, “My father has caused trouble for the land. See how my eyes gleamed when I tasted just a little of this honey.

30 Certainly if the army had eaten some of the enemies’ provisions that they came across today, would not the slaughter of the Philistines have been even greater?”

31 On that day the army struck down the Philistines from Micmash to Aijalon, and they became very tired.

32 So the army rushed greedily on the plunder, confiscating sheep, cattle, and calves. They slaughtered them right on the ground, and the army ate them blood and all.

33 Now it was reported to Saul, “Look, the army is sinning against the LORD by eating even the blood.” He said, “All of you have broken the covenant! Roll a large stone over here to me.”

34 Then Saul said, “Scatter out among the army and say to them, ‘Each of you bring to me your ox and sheep and slaughter them in this spot and eat. But don’t sin against the LORD by eating the blood.” So that night each one brought his ox and slaughtered it there.

35 Then Saul built an altar for the LORD; it was the first time he had built an altar for the LORD.

36 Saul said, “Let’s go down after the Philistines at night; we will rout them until the break of day. We won’t leave any of them alive!” They replied, “Do whatever seems best to you.” But the priest said, “Let’s approach God here.”

37 So Saul asked God, “Should I go down after the Philistines? Will you deliver them into the hand of Israel?” But he did not answer him that day.

38 Then Saul said, “All you leaders of the army come here. Find out how this sin occurred today.

39 For as surely as the LORD, the deliverer of Israel, lives, even if it turns out to be my own son Jonathan, he will certainly die!” But no one from the army said anything.

40 Then he said to all Israel, “You will be on one side, and I and my son Jonathan will be on the other side.” The army replied to Saul, “Do whatever you think is best.”

41 Then Saul said, “O LORD God of Israel! If this sin has been committed by me or by my son Jonathan, then, O LORD God of Israel, respond with Urim. But if this sin has been committed by your people Israel, respond with Thummim.” Then Jonathan and Saul were indicated by lot, while the army was exonerated.

42 Then Saul said, “Cast the lot between me and my son Jonathan!” Jonathan was indicated by lot.

43 So Saul said to Jonathan, “Tell me what you have done.” Jonathan told him, “I used the end of the staff that was in my hand to taste a little honey. I must die!”

44 Saul said, “God will punish me severely if Jonathan doesn’t die!”

45 But the army said to Saul, “Should Jonathan, who won this great victory in Israel, die? May it never be! As surely as the LORD lives, not a single hair of his head will fall to the ground! For it is with the help of God that he has acted today.” So the army rescued Jonathan from death.

46 Then Saul stopped chasing the Philistines, and the Philistines went back home.

47 After Saul had secured his royal position over Israel, he fought against all their enemies on all sides – the Moabites, Ammonites, Edomites, the kings of Zobah, and the Philistines. In every direction that he turned he was victorious.

48 He fought bravely, striking down the Amalekites and delivering Israel from the hand of its enemies.

49 The sons of Saul were Jonathan, Ishvi, and Malki-Shua. He had two daughters; the older one was named Merab and the younger Michal.

50 The name of Saul’s wife was Ahinoam, the daughter of Ahimaaz. The name of the general in command of his army was Abner son of Ner, Saul’s uncle.

51 Kish was the father of Saul, and Ner the father of Abner was the son of Abiel.

52 There was fierce war with the Philistines all the days of Saul. So whenever Saul saw anyone who was a warrior or a brave individual, he would conscript him.

New International Version

1 Samuel 13

1 Saul was [thirty] years old when he became king, and he reigned over Israel [forty-] two years.

2 Saul chose three thousand men from Israel; two thousand were with him at Micmash and in the hill country of Bethel, and a thousand were with Jonathan at Gibeah in Benjamin. The rest of the men he sent back to their homes.

3 Jonathan attacked the Philistine outpost at Geba, and the Philistines heard about it. Then Saul had the trumpet blown throughout the land and said, "Let the Hebrews hear!"

4 So all Israel heard the news: "Saul has attacked the Philistine outpost, and now Israel has become a stench to the Philistines." And the people were summoned to join Saul at Gilgal.

5 The Philistines assembled to fight Israel, with three thousand chariots, six thousand charioteers, and soldiers as numerous as the sand on the seashore. They went up and camped at Micmash, east of Beth Aven.

6 When the men of Israel saw that their situation was critical and that their army was hard pressed, they hid in caves and thickets, among the rocks, and in pits and cisterns.

7 Some Hebrews even crossed the Jordan to the land of Gad and Gilead. Saul remained at Gilgal, and all the troops with him were quaking with fear.

8 He waited seven days, the time set by Samuel; but Samuel did not come to Gilgal, and Saul's men began to scatter.

9 So he said, "Bring me the burnt offering and the fellowship offerings. " And Saul offered up the burnt offering.

10 Just as he finished making the offering, Samuel arrived, and Saul went out to greet him.

11 "What have you done?" asked Samuel. Saul replied, "When I saw that the men were scattering, and that you did not come at the set time, and that the Philistines were assembling at Micmash,

12 I thought, `Now the Philistines will come down against me at Gilgal, and I have not sought the LORD's favor.' So I felt compelled to offer the burnt offering."

13 "You acted foolishly," Samuel said. "You have not kept the command the LORD your God gave you; if you had, he would have established your kingdom over Israel for all time.

14 But now your kingdom will not endure; the LORD has sought out a man after his own heart and appointed him leader of his people, because you have not kept the LORD's command."

15 Then Samuel left Gilgal and went up to Gibeah in Benjamin, and Saul counted the men who were with him. They numbered about six hundred.

16 Saul and his son Jonathan and the men with them were staying in Gibeah in Benjamin, while the Philistines camped at Micmash.

17 Raiding parties went out from the Philistine camp in three detachments. One turned toward Ophrah in the vicinity of Shual,

18 another toward Beth Horon, and the third toward the borderland overlooking the Valley of Zeboim facing the desert.

19 Not a blacksmith could be found in the whole land of Israel, because the Philistines had said, "Otherwise the Hebrews will make swords or spears!"

20 So all Israel went down to the Philistines to have their plowshares, mattocks, axes and sickles sharpened.

21 The price was two thirds of a shekel for sharpening plowshares and mattocks, and a third of a shekel for sharpening forks and axes and for repointing goads.

22 So on the day of the battle not a soldier with Saul and Jonathan had a sword or spear in his hand; only Saul and his son Jonathan had them.

23 Now a detachment of Philistines had gone out to the pass at Micmash.

1 Samuel 14

1 One day Jonathan son of Saul said to the young man bearing his armor, "Come, let's go over to the Philistine outpost on the other side." But he did not tell his father.

2 Saul was staying on the outskirts of Gibeah under a pomegranate tree in Migron. With him were about six hundred men,

3 among whom was Ahijah, who was wearing an ephod. He was a son of Ichabod's brother Ahitub son of Phinehas, the son of Eli, the LORD's priest in Shiloh. No one was aware that Jonathan had left.

4 On each side of the pass that Jonathan intended to cross to reach the Philistine outpost was a cliff; one was called Bozez, and the other Seneh.

5 One cliff stood to the north toward Micmash, the other to the south toward Geba.

6 Jonathan said to his young armor-bearer, "Come, let's go over to the outpost of those uncircumcised fellows. Perhaps the LORD will act in our behalf. Nothing can hinder the LORD from saving, whether by many or by few."

7 "Do all that you have in mind," his armor-bearer said. "Go ahead; I am with you heart and soul."

8 Jonathan said, "Come, then; we will cross over toward the men and let them see us.

9 If they say to us, `Wait there until we come to you,' we will stay where we are and not go up to them.

10 But if they say, `Come up to us,' we will climb up, because that will be our sign that the LORD has given them into our hands."

11 So both of them showed themselves to the Philistine outpost. "Look!" said the Philistines. "The Hebrews are crawling out of the holes they were hiding in."

12 The men of the outpost shouted to Jonathan and his armor-bearer, "Come up to us and we'll teach you a lesson." So Jonathan said to his armor-bearer, "Climb up after me; the LORD has given them into the hand of Israel."

13 Jonathan climbed up, using his hands and feet, with his armor-bearer right behind him. The Philistines fell before Jonathan, and his armor-bearer followed and killed behind him.

14 In that first attack Jonathan and his armor-bearer killed some twenty men in an area of about half an acre.

15 Then panic struck the whole army--those in the camp and field, and those in the outposts and raiding parties--and the ground shook. It was a panic sent by God.

16 Saul's lookouts at Gibeah in Benjamin saw the army melting away in all directions.

17 Then Saul said to the men who were with him, "Muster the forces and see who has left us." When they did, it was Jonathan and his armor-bearer who were not there.

18 Saul said to Ahijah, "Bring the ark of God." (At that time it was with the Israelites.)

19 While Saul was talking to the priest, the tumult in the Philistine camp increased more and more. So Saul said to the priest, "Withdraw your hand."

20 Then Saul and all his men assembled and went to the battle. They found the Philistines in total confusion, striking each other with their swords.

21 Those Hebrews who had previously been with the Philistines and had gone up with them to their camp went over to the Israelites who were with Saul and Jonathan.

22 When all the Israelites who had hidden in the hill country of Ephraim heard that the Philistines were on the run, they joined the battle in hot pursuit.

23 So the LORD rescued Israel that day, and the battle moved on beyond Beth Aven.

24 Now the men of Israel were in distress that day, because Saul had bound the people under an oath, saying, "Cursed be any man who eats food before evening comes, before I have avenged myself on my enemies!" So none of the troops tasted food.

25 The entire army entered the woods, and there was honey on the ground.

26 When they went into the woods, they saw the honey oozing out, yet no one put his hand to his mouth, because they feared the oath.

27 But Jonathan had not heard that his father had bound the people with the oath, so he reached out the end of the staff that was in his hand and dipped it into the honeycomb. He raised his hand to his mouth, and his eyes brightened.

28 Then one of the soldiers told him, "Your father bound the army under a strict oath, saying, `Cursed be any man who eats food today!' That is why the men are faint."

29 Jonathan said, "My father has made trouble for the country. See how my eyes brightened when I tasted a little of this honey.

30 How much better it would have been if the men had eaten today some of the plunder they took from their enemies. Would not the slaughter of the Philistines have been even greater?"

31 That day, after the Israelites had struck down the Philistines from Micmash to Aijalon, they were exhausted.

32 They pounced on the plunder and, taking sheep, cattle and calves, they butchered them on the ground and ate them, together with the blood.

33 Then someone said to Saul, "Look, the men are sinning against the LORD by eating meat that has blood in it." "You have broken faith," he said. "Roll a large stone over here at once."

34 Then he said, "Go out among the men and tell them, `Each of you bring me your cattle and sheep, and slaughter them here and eat them. Do not sin against the LORD by eating meat with blood still in it.'" So everyone brought his ox that night and slaughtered it there.

35 Then Saul built an altar to the LORD; it was the first time he had done this.

36 Saul said, "Let us go down after the Philistines by night and plunder them till dawn, and let us not leave one of them alive." "Do whatever seems best to you," they replied. But the priest said, "Let us inquire of God here."

37 So Saul asked God, "Shall I go down after the Philistines? Will you give them into Israel's hand?" But God did not answer him that day.

38 Saul therefore said, "Come here, all you who are leaders of the army, and let us find out what sin has been committed today.

39 As surely as the LORD who rescues Israel lives, even if it lies with my son Jonathan, he must die." But not one of the men said a word.

40 Saul then said to all the Israelites, "You stand over there; I and Jonathan my son will stand over here." "Do what seems best to you," the men replied.

41 Then Saul prayed to the LORD, the God of Israel, "Give me the right answer." And Jonathan and Saul were taken by lot, and the men were cleared.

42 Saul said, "Cast the lot between me and Jonathan my son." And Jonathan was taken.

43 Then Saul said to Jonathan, "Tell me what you have done." So Jonathan told him, "I merely tasted a little honey with the end of my staff. And now must I die?"

44 Saul said, "May God deal with me, be it ever so severely, if you do not die, Jonathan."

45 But the men said to Saul, "Should Jonathan die--he who has brought about this great deliverance in Israel? Never! As surely as the LORD lives, not a hair of his head will fall to the ground, for he did this today with God's help." So the men rescued Jonathan, and he was not put to death.

46 Then Saul stopped pursuing the Philistines, and they withdrew to their own land.

47 After Saul had assumed rule over Israel, he fought against their enemies on every side: Moab, the Ammonites, Edom, the kings of Zobah, and the Philistines. Wherever he turned, he inflicted punishment on them.

48 He fought valiantly and defeated the Amalekites, delivering Israel from the hands of those who had plundered them.

49 Saul's sons were Jonathan, Ishvi and Malki-Shua. The name of his older daughter was Merab, and that of the younger was Michal.

50 His wife's name was Ahinoam daughter of Ahimaaz. The name of the commander of Saul's army was Abner son of Ner, and Ner was Saul's uncle.

51 Saul's father Kish and Abner's father Ner were sons of Abiel.

52 All the days of Saul there was bitter war with the Philistines, and whenever Saul saw a mighty or brave man, he took him into his service.

Original Hebrew

1 Samuel 13

1 ¶Ben-... (*) shaanaah Shaa'uwl bªmaalªkow. ... (*) uwshteey shaaniym maalak `al-Yisraa'eel.

2 ¶Wayibchar-low Shaa'uwl shªloshet 'ªlaapiym mi-Yisraa'eel. Wayihªyuw `im-Shaa'uwl 'alpayim bª-Mikmaas uwbhar Beeyt-'Eel, wª'elep haayuw `im-Yownaataan bª-Gib`at Binyaamiyn. Wªyeter haa`aam shilach 'iysh lª'ohaalaayw.

3 ¶Wayak Yownaataan 'eet nªtsiyb Pªlishtiym 'ªsher bª-Geba`. Wayishmª`uw Pªlishtiym. Wª-Shaa'uwl taaqa` bashowpaar bªkaal-haa'aarets, lee'mor: Yishmª`uw haa-`Ibriym!

4 Wªkaal-Yisraa'eel shaamª`uw lee'mor: Hikaah Shaa'uwl 'et-nªtsiyb Pªlishtiym wªgam-nib'ash Yisraa'eel ba-Pªlishtiym. Wayitsaa`aquw haa`aam 'achªreey Shaa'uwl ha-Gilgaal.

5 ¶Uw-Pªlishtiym ne'ecpuw lªhilaacheem `im-Yisraa'eel shªlosh (*) 'elep rekeb, wªsheeshet 'ªlaapiym paaraashiym, wª`aam -- kachowl 'ªsher `al-sªpat-hayaam laarob. Waya`ªluw wayachªnuw bª-Mikmaas qidmat Beeyt-'Aawen.

6 Wª'iysh Yisraa'eel raa'uw kiy tsar-low (kiy nigas haa`aam), wayitchab'uw haa`aam bamª`aarowt uwbachªwaachiym uwbacªlaa`iym uwbatsªrichiym uwbaborowt.

7 Wª-`Ibriym `aabªruw 'et-ha-Yardeen 'erets Gaad wª-Gil`aad. ¶Wª-Shaa'uwl `owdenuw ba-Gilgaal. Wªkaal-haa`aam chaarªduw 'achªraayw.

8 Wayowchel (*) shib`at yaamiym -- lamow`eed 'ªsher Shªmuw'eel. Wªlo'-baa' Shªmuw'eel ha-Gilgaal. Wayaapets haa`aam mee`aalaayw.

9 Wayo'mer Shaa'uwl, Hagishuw 'eelay haa`olaah wªhashlaamiym! Waya`al haa`olaah.

10 Wayªhiy kªkalotow lªha`ªlowt haa`olaah, wªhineeh, Shªmuw'eel baa'. Wayeetsee' Shaa'uwl liqraa'tow lªbaarakow.

11 ¶Wayo'mer Shªmuw'eel, Meh `aasiytaa? ¶Wayo'mer Shaa'uwl, Kiy-raa'iytiy kiy-naapats haa`aam mee`aalay, wª'ataah lo'-baa'taa lªmow`eed hayaamiym, uw-Pªlishtiym ne'ªcaapiym Mikmaas,

12 waa'omar, `Ataah yeerªduw Pªlishtiym 'eelay ha-Gilgaal uwpneey Yahweh lo' chiliytiy. Waa'et'apaq waa'ª`aleh haa`olaah!

13 ¶Wayo'mer Shªmuw'eel 'el-Shaa'uwl, Nickaalªtaa! Lo' shaamartaa 'et-mitswat Yahweh 'Eloheykaa 'ªsher tsiwaak! Kiy `ataah heekiyn Yahweh 'et-mamlaktªkaa 'el-Yisraa'eel `ad-`owlaam!

14 Wª`ataah mamlaktªkaa lo'-taaquwm! Biqeesh Yahweh low 'iysh kilbaabow! Wayªtsaweehuw Yahweh lªnaagiyd `al-`amow! Kiy lo' shaamartaa 'eet 'ªsher-tsiwªkaa Yahweh!

15 ¶Wayaaqaam Shªmuw'eel waya`al min-ha-Gilgaal (*) Gib`at-Binyaamin. Wayipqod Shaa'uwl 'et-haa`aam hanimtsª'iym `imow -- kªsheesh mee'owt 'iysh.

16 ¶Wª-Shaa'uwl wª-Yownaataan, bªnow, wªhaa`aam hanimtsaa' `imaam yoshbiym bª-Geba`-Binyaamin. Uw-Pªlishtiym chaanuw bª-Mikmaas.

17 Wayeetsee' hamashchiyt mimachªneeh Pªlishtiym shªloshaah raa'shiym -- haaro'sh 'echaad yipneh 'el-derek `Aapraah 'el-'erets Shuw`aal;

18 wªhaaro'sh 'echaad yipneh derek Beeyt-Chorown; wªhaaro'sh 'echaad yipneh derek hagªbuwl hanishªqaap `al-geey ha-Tsªbo`iym hamidbaaraah.

19 ¶Wªchaaraash lo' yimaatsee' bªkol 'erets Yisraa'eel. Kiy-'aamªruw (*) Pªlishtiym, Pen ya`ªsuw haa-`Ibriym chereb 'ow chªniyt!

20 Wayeerªduw kaal-Yisraa'eel ha-Pªlishtiym lilTowsh 'iysh 'et-machªrashtow wª'et-'eetow wª'et-qarªdumow wª'eet machªreeshaatow (*).

21 Wªhaayªtaah hapªtsiyraah piym (*) lamachªreeshot wªlaa'eetiym. Wªlishlosh qilshown uwlhaqardumiym uwlhatsiyb hadaarbaan.

22 ¶Wªhaayaah bªyowm milchemet wªlo' nimtsaa' chereb wachaniyt bªyad kaal-haa`aam 'ªsher 'et-Shaa'uwl wª'et-Yownaataan. Watimaatsee' lª-Shaa'uwl uwl-Yownaataan, bªnow.

23 ¶Wayeetsee' matsab Pªlishtiym 'el-ma`ªbar Mikmaas.

1 Samuel 14

1 ¶Wayªhiy hayowm wayo'mer Yownaataan, ben-Shaa'uwl, 'el-hana`ar nosee' keelaayw, Lªkaah, wªna`ªbªraah 'el-matsab Pªlishtiym 'ªsher mee`eeber halaaz, uwl'aabiyw lo' higiyd.

2 ¶Wª-Shaa'uwl yowsheeb biqtseeh ha-Gib`aah tachat haarimown 'ªsher bª-Migrown. Wªhaa`aam 'ªsher `imow kªsheesh mee'owt 'iysh.

3 Wa-'Achiyaah, ben-'AchiTuwb, 'ªchiy 'Iy-Kaabowd, ben-Piynchaac, ben-`Eeliy, koheen Yahweh bª-Shilow, nosee' 'eepowd. Wªhaa`aam lo' yaada` kiy haalak Yownaataan.

4 ¶Uwbeeyn hama`bªrowt 'ªsher biqeesh Yownaataan la`ªbor `al-matsab Pªlishtiym sheen-hacela` meehaa`eeber mizeh wªsheen-hacela` meehaa`eeber mizeh. Wªsheem haa'echaad Bowtseets wªsheem haa'echaad Ceneh.

5 Hasheen haa'echaad maatsuwq mitsaapown muwl Mikmaas wªhaa'echaad minegeb muwl Gaaba`.

6 ¶Wayo'mer Yªhownaataan 'el-hana`ar nosee' keelaayw, Lªkaah, wªna`ªbªraah 'el-matsab haa`ªreeliym haa'eeleh! 'Uwlay ya`ªseh Yahweh laanuw! Kiy 'eeyn la-Yahweh ma`ªtsowr lªhowshiya` bªrab 'ow bim`aaT!

7 ¶Wayo'mer low nosee' keelaayw, `Aseeh kaal-'ªsher bilbaabekaa nªTeeh laak! Hiniy `imªkaa kilbaabekaa!

8 ¶Wayo'mer Yªhownaataan, Hineeh, 'ªnachnuw `obriym 'el-haa'ªnaashiym. Wªnigliynuw 'ªleeyhem.

9 Im-koh yo'mªruw 'eeleeynuw: Domuw `ad-hagiy`eenuw 'ªleeykem! Wª`aamadnuw tachteeynuw; wªlo' na`ªleh 'ªleeyhem.

10 Wª'im-koh yo'mªruw: `Aluw `aaleeynuw! Wª`aaliynuw, kiy-nªtaanaam Yahweh bªyaadeenuw. Wªzeh-laanuw haa'owt!

11 ¶Wayigaaluw shªneeyhem 'el-matsab Pªlishtiym. Wayo'mªruw Pªlishtiym, Hineeh, `Ibriym yotsª'iym min-hachoriym 'ªsher hitchab'uw-shaam!

12 Waya`ªnuw 'ansheey hamatsaabaah 'et-Yownaataan wª'et-nosee' keelaayw. Wayo'mªruw, `Aluw 'eeleeynuw wªnowdiy`aah 'etkem daabaar! ¶Wayo'mer Yownaataan 'el-nosee' keelaayw, `Aleeh 'achªray, kiy-nªtaanaam Yahweh bªyad Yisraa'eel!

13 ¶Waya`al Yownaataan `al-yaadaayw wª`al-raglaayw wªnosee' keelaayw 'achªraayw. Wayipluw lipneey Yownaataan. Wªnosee' keelaayw mªmowteet 'achªraayw.

14 Watªhiy hamakaah haari'shonaah 'ªsher hikaah Yownaataan wªnosee' keelaayw kª`esriym 'iysh, kªbachatsiy ma`ªnaah tsemed saadeh.

15 ¶Watªhiy chªraadaah bamachªneh, basaadeh, uwbkaal-haa`aam. Hamatsaab wªhamashchiyt chaarªduw gam-heemaah. Watirgaz haa'aarets. Watªhiy lªcherdat 'Elohiym.

16 ¶Wayir'uw hatsopiym lª-Shaa'uwl bª-Gib`at Binyaamin. Wªhineeh, hehaamown naamowg wayeelek wahªlom.

17 Wayo'mer Shaa'uwl laa`aam 'ªsher 'itow, Piqduw-naa' uwr'uw miy haalak mee`imaanuw. Wayipqªduw, wªhineeh, 'eeyn Yownaataan wªnosee' keelaayw!

18 ¶Wayo'mer Shaa'uwl la-'Achiyaah, Hagiyshaah 'ªrown haa-'Elohiym (kiy-haayaah 'ªrown haa-'Elohiym bayowm hahuw' uwbneey Yisraa'eel (*).)

19 ¶Wayªhiy `ad diber Shaa'uwl 'el-hakoheen, wªhehaamown 'ªsher bªmachªneeh Pªlishtiym wayeelek haalowk waaraab. Wayo'mer Shaa'uwl 'el-hakoheen, 'Ecop yaadekaa!

20 ¶Wayizaa`eeq Shaa'uwl wªkaal-haa`aam 'ªsher 'itow wªyaabo'uw `ad-hamilchaamaah. Wªhineeh haayªtaah chereb 'iysh bªree`eehuw mªhuwmaah gªdowlaah mª'od.

21 Wªhaa-`Ibriym haayuw la-Pªlishtiym kª'etmowl shilshowm, 'ªsher `aaluw `imaam bamachªneh caabiyb, wªgam-heemaah lihªyowt `im-Yisraa'eel 'ªsher `im-Shaa'uwl wª-Yownaataan.

22 Wªkol 'iysh Yisraa'eel hamitchab'iym bªhar-'Eprayim shaamª`uw kiy-naacuw Pªlishtiym, wayadbªquw gam-heemaah 'achªreeyhem bamilchaamaah.

23 Wayowsha` Yahweh bayowm hahuw' 'et-Yisraa'eel. Wªhamilchaamaah `aabªraah 'et-Beeyt-'Aawen.

24 ¶Wª'iysh-Yisraa'eel nigas bayowm hahuw'. Wayo'el Shaa'uwl 'et-haa`aam lee'mor, 'Aaruwr haa'iysh 'ªsher-yo'kal lechem `ad-haa`ereb wªniqamtiy mee'oyªbay! Wªlo' Taa`am (*) kaal-haa`aam laachem.

25 ¶Wªkaal-haa'aarets baa'uw bayaa`ar. Wayªhiy dªbash `al-pªneey hasaadeh.

26 Wayaabo' haa`aam 'el-haya`ar, wªhineeh, heelek dªbaash! Wª'eeyn-masiyg yaadow 'el-piyw. Kiy-yaaree' haa`aam 'et-hashªbu`aah.

27 Wª-Yownaataan lo'-shaama` bªhashbiya` 'aabiyw 'et-haa`aam. Wayishlach 'et-qªtseeh hamaTeh 'ªsher bªyaadow, wayiTªbol 'owtaah bªya`ªrat hadªbaash, wayaasheb yaadow 'el-piyw. Wataa'orªnaah (*) `eeynaayw.

28 Waya`an 'iysh meehaa`aam wayo'mer, Hashbeea` hishbiya` 'aabiykaa 'et-haa`aam, lee'mor: 'Aaruwr haa'iysh 'ªsher-yo'kal lechem hayowm! Wayaa`ap haa`aam.

29 ¶Wayo'mer Yownaataan, `Aakar 'aabiy 'et-haa'aarets. Rª'uw-naa' kiy-'oruw `eeynay kiy Taa`amªtiy mª`aT dªbash hazeh!

30 Ap kiy luw' 'aakol 'aakal hayowm haa`aam mishlal 'oyªbaayw 'ªsher maatsaa'! Kiy `ataah lo'-raabªtaah makaah ba-Pªlishtiym.

31 ¶Wayakuw bayowm hahuw' ba-Pªlishtiym mi-Mikmaas 'Ayaalonaah. Wayaa`ap haa`aam mª'od.

32 Waya`aT (*) haa`aam 'el-hashaalaal (*). Wªyiqchuw tso'n uwbaaqaar uwbneey baaqaar wayishchªTuw-'aarªtsaah. Wayo'kal haa`aam `al-hadaam!

33 Wayagiyduw lª-Shaa'uwl lee'mor, Hineeh, haa`aam choTi'ym la-Yahweh le'ªkol `al-hadaam! ¶Wayo'mer, Bªgadtem! Goluw-'eelay hayowm 'eben gªdowlaah!

34 Wayo'mer Shaa'uwl, Putsuw baa`aam wa'ªmartem laahem: Hagiyshuw 'eelay 'iysh showrow wª'iysh sªyeehuw uwshchaTtem baazeh wa'ªkaltem. Wªlo'-techeTª'uw la-Yahweh le'ªkol 'el-hadaam! ¶Wayagishuw kaal-haa`aam 'iysh showrow bªyaadow halayªlaah wayishchªTuw-shaam.

35 Wayiben Shaa'uwl mizbeeach la-Yahweh. 'Otow heecheel libnowt mizbeeach la-Yahweh.

36 ¶Wayo'mer Shaa'uwl, Neerdaah 'achªreey Pªlishtiym layªlaah. Wªnaabozaah baahem `ad-'owr haboqer. Wªlo'-nash'eer baahem 'iysh! ¶Wayo'mªruw, Kaal-haTowb bª`eeyneykaa `aseeh! ¶Wayo'mer hakoheen, Niqrªbaah hªlom 'el-haa-'Elohiym.

37 ¶Wayish'al Shaa'uwl bee-'Elohiym, Ha'eereed 'achªreey Pªlishtiym? Hatitªneem bªyad Yisraa'eel? Wªlo' `aanaahuw bayowm hahuw'.

38 ¶Wayo'mer Shaa'uwl, Goshuw hªlom, kol pinowt haa`aam, uwd`uw uwr'uw bamaah haayªtaah hachaTaa't hazo't hayowm!

39 Kiy chay-Yahweh hamowshiya` 'et-Yisraa'eel, kiy 'im-yeshnow bª-Yownaataan, bªniy, kiy mowt yaamuwt! Wª'eeyn `oneehuw mikaal-haa`aam.

40 ¶Wayo'mer 'el-kaal-Yisraa'eel, 'Atem tihªyuw lª`eeber 'echaad. Wa'ªniy wª-Yownaataan, bªniy, nihªyeh lª`eeber 'echaad. ¶Wayo'mªruw haa`aam 'el-Shaa'uwl, HaTowb bª`eeyneykaa `aseeh.

41 ¶Wayo'mer Shaa'uwl 'el-Yahweh 'Eloheey Yisraa'eel, Haabaah taamiym (*)! Wayilaakeed Yownaataan wª-Shaa'uwl wªhaa`aam yaatsaa'uw.

42 Wayo'mer Shaa'uwl, Hapiyluw beeyniy uwbeeyn Yownaataan, bªniy. Wayilaakeed Yownaataan.

43 ¶Wayo'mer Shaa'uwl 'el-Yownaataan, Hagiydaah liy meh `aasiytaah! ¶Wayaged-low Yownaataan wayo'mer, Taa`om Taa`amªtiy biqtseeh hamaTeh 'ªsher-bªyaadiy mª`aT dªbash! Hiniy, 'aamuwt?

44 ¶Wayo'mer Shaa'uwl, Koh-ya`ªseh 'Elohiym wªkoh yowcip, kiy-mowt taamuwt Yownaataan!

45 ¶Wayo'mer haa`aam 'el-Shaa'uwl, Ha-Yownaataan yaamuwt 'ªsher `aasaah hayªshuw`aah hagªdowlaah hazo't bª-Yisraa'eel? Chaaliylaah! Chay-Yahweh, 'im-yipol misa`ªrat ro'show 'artsaah! Kiy-`im-'Elohiym `aasaah hayowm hazeh! Wayipduw haa`aam 'et-Yownaataan. Wªlo'-meet.

46 ¶Waya`al Shaa'uwl mee'achªreey Pªlishtiym. Uw-Pªlishtiym haalªkuw limqowmaam.

47 ¶Wª-Shaa'uwl laakad hamªluwkaah `al-Yisraa'eel. Wayilaachem caabiyb bªkaal-'oyªbaayw -- bª-Mow'aab, uwbibneey-`Amown, uwbe-'Edowm, uwbmalkeey Tsowbaah, uwba-Pªlishtiym. Uwbkol 'ªsher-yipneh yarshiya` (*).

48 Waya`as chayil. Wayak 'et-`Amaaleeq. Wayatseel 'et-Yisraa'eel miyad shoceehuw.

49 ¶Wayihªyuw bªneey Shaa'uwl: Yownaataan wª-Yishwiy uw-Malkiyshuwa`. Wªsheem shªteey bªnotaayw: Sheem habªkiyraah Meerab. Wªsheem haqªTanaah Miykal.

50 Wªsheem 'eeshet Shaa'uwl 'Achiyno`am, bat-'Achiymaa`ats. Wªsheem sar-tsªbaa'ow 'Abiyneer, ben-Neer, dowd Shaa'uwl.

51 Wª-Qiysh 'ªbiy-Shaa'uwl. Wª-Neer 'ªbiy-'Abneer, ben-'Abiy'eel.

52 ¶Watªhiy hamilchaamaah chazaaqaah `al-Pªlishtiym kol yªmeey Shaa'uwl. Wªraa'aah Shaa'uwl kaal-'iysh gibowr wªkaal-ben chayil, waya'acpeehuw 'eelaayw.

Revised Standard Version

1 Samuel 13

1 Saul was...years old when he began to reign; and he reigned...and two years over Israel.

2 Saul chose three thousand men of Israel; two thousand were with Saul in Michmash and the hill country of Bethel, and a thousand were with Jonathan in Gibeah of Benjamin; the rest of the people he sent home, every man to his tent.

3 Jonathan defeated the garrison of the Philistines which was at Geba; and the Philistines heard of it. And Saul blew the trumpet throughout all the land, saying, "Let the Hebrews hear."

4 And all Israel heard it said that Saul had defeated the garrison of the Philistines, and also that Israel had become odious to the Philistines. And the people were called out to join Saul at Gilgal.

5 And the Philistines mustered to fight with Israel, thirty thousand chariots, and six thousand horsemen, and troops like the sand on the seashore in multitude; they came up and encamped in Michmash, to the east of Beth-aven.

6 When the men of Israel saw that they were in straits (for the people were hard pressed), the people hid themselves in caves and in holes and in rocks and in tombs and in cisterns,

7 or crossed the fords of the Jordan to the land of Gad and Gilead. Saul was still at Gilgal, and all the people followed him trembling.

8 He waited seven days, the time appointed by Samuel; but Samuel did not come to Gilgal, and the people were scattering from him.

9 So Saul said, "Bring the burnt offering here to me, and the peace offerings." And he offered the burnt offering.

10 As soon as he had finished offering the burnt offering, behold, Samuel came; and Saul went out to meet him and salute him.

11 Samuel said, "What have you done?" And Saul said, "When I saw that the people were scattering from me, and that you did not come within the days appointed, and that the Philistines had mustered at Michmash,

12 I said, 'Now the Philistines will come down upon me at Gilgal, and I have not entreated the favor of the LORD'; so I forced myself, and offered the burnt offering."

13 And Samuel said to Saul, "You have done foolishly; you have not kept the commandment of the LORD your God, which he commanded you; for now the LORD would have established your kingdom over Israel for ever.

14 But now your kingdom shall not continue; the LORD has sought out a man after his own heart; and the LORD has appointed him to be prince over his people, because you have not kept what the LORD commanded you."

15 And Samuel arose, and went up from Gilgal to Gibeah of Benjamin. And Saul numbered the people who were present with him, about six hundred men.

16 And Saul, and Jonathan his son, and the people who were present with them, stayed in Geba of Benjamin; but the Philistines encamped in Michmash.

17 And raiders came out of the camp of the Philistines in three companies; one company turned toward Ophrah, to the land of Shual,

18 another company turned toward Beth-horon, and another company turned toward the border that looks down upon the valley of Zeboim toward the wilderness.

19 Now there was no smith to be found throughout all the land of Israel; for the Philistines said, "Lest the Hebrews make themselves swords or spears";

20 but every one of the Israelites went down to the Philistines to sharpen his plowshare, his mattock, his axe, or his sickle;

21 and the charge was a pim for the plowshares and for the mattocks, and a third of a shekel for sharpening the axes and for setting the goads.

22 So on the day of the battle there was neither sword nor spear found in the hand of any of the people with Saul and Jonathan; but Saul and Jonathan his son had them.

23 And the garrison of the Philistines went out to the pass of Michmash.

1 Samuel 14

1 One day Jonathan the son of Saul said to the young man who bore his armor, "Come, let us go over to the Philistine garrison on yonder side." But he did not tell his father.

2 Saul was staying in the outskirts of Gibeah under the pomegranate tree which is at Migron; the people who were with him were about six hundred men,

3 and Ahijah the son of Ahitub, Ichabod's brother, son of Phinehas, son of Eli, the priest of the LORD in Shiloh, wearing an ephod. And the people did not know that Jonathan had gone.

4 In the pass, by which Jonathan sought to go over to the Philistine garrison, there was a rocky crag on the one side and a rocky crag on the other side; the name of the one was Bozez, and the name of the other Seneh.

5 The one crag rose on the north in front of Michmash, and the other on the south in front of Geba.

6 And Jonathan said to the young man who bore his armor, "Come, let us go over to the garrison of these uncircumcised; it may be that the LORD will work for us; for nothing can hinder the LORD from saving by many or by few."

7 And his armor-bearer said to him, "Do all that your mind inclines to; behold, I am with you, as is your mind so is mine."

8 Then said Jonathan, "Behold, we will cross over to the men, and we will show ourselves to them.

9 If they say to us, 'Wait until we come to you,' then we will stand still in our place, and we will not go up to them.

10 But if they say, 'Come up to us,' then we will go up; for the LORD has given them into our hand. And this shall be the sign to us."

11 So both of them showed themselves to the garrison of the Philistines; and the Philistines said, "Look, Hebrews are coming out of the holes where they have hid themselves."

12 And the men of the garrison hailed Jonathan and his armor-bearer, and said, "Come up to us, and we will show you a thing." And Jonathan said to his armor-bearer, "Come up after me; for the LORD has given them into the hand of Israel."

13 Then Jonathan climbed up on his hands and feet, and his armor-bearer after him. And they fell before Jonathan, and his armor-bearer killed them after him;

14 and that first slaughter, which Jonathan and his armor-bearer made, was of about twenty men within as it were half a furrow's length in an acre of land.

15 And there was a panic in the camp, in the field, and among all the people; the garrison and even the raiders trembled; the earth quaked; and it became a very great panic.

16 And the watchmen of Saul in Gibeah of Benjamin looked; and behold, the multitude was surging hither and thither.

17 Then Saul said to the people who were with him, "Number and see who has gone from us." And when they had numbered, behold, Jonathan and his armor-bearer were not there.

18 And Saul said to Ahijah, "Bring hither the ark of God." For the ark of God went at that time with the people of Israel.

19 And while Saul was talking to the priest, the tumult in the camp of the Philistines increased more and more; and Saul said to the priest, "Withdraw your hand."

20 Then Saul and all the people who were with him rallied and went into the battle; and behold, every man's sword was against his fellow, and there was very great confusion.

21 Now the Hebrews who had been with the Philistines before that time and who had gone up with them into the camp, even they also turned to be with the Israelites who were with Saul and Jonathan.

22 Likewise, when all the men of Israel who had hid themselves in the hill country of Ephraim heard that the Philistines were fleeing, they too followed hard after them in the battle.

23 So the LORD delivered Israel that day; and the battle passed beyond Beth-aven.

24 And the men of Israel were distressed that day; for Saul laid an oath on the people, saying, "Cursed be the man who eats food until it is evening and I am avenged on my enemies." So none of the people tasted food.

25 And all the people came into the forest; and there was honey on the ground.

26 And when the people entered the forest, behold, the honey was dropping, but no man put his hand to his mouth; for the people feared the oath.

27 But Jonathan had not heard his father charge the people with the oath; so he put forth the tip of the staff that was in his hand, and dipped it in the honeycomb, and put his hand to his mouth; and his eyes became bright.

28 Then one of the people said, "Your father strictly charged the people with an oath, saying, 'Cursed be the man who eats food this day.'" And the people were faint.

29 Then Jonathan said, "My father has troubled the land; see how my eyes have become bright, because I tasted a little of this honey.

30 How much better if the people had eaten freely today of the spoil of their enemies which they found; for now the slaughter among the Philistines has not been great."

31 They struck down the Philistines that day from Michmash to Aijalon. And the people were very faint;

32 the people flew upon the spoil, and took sheep and oxen and calves, and slew them on the ground; and the people ate them with the blood.

33 Then they told Saul, "Behold, the people are sinning against the LORD, by eating with the blood." And he said, "You have dealt treacherously; roll a great stone to me here."

34 And Saul said, "Disperse yourselves among the people, and say to them, 'Let every man bring his ox or his sheep, and slay them here, and eat; and do not sin against the LORD by eating with the blood.'" So every one of the people brought his ox with him that night, and slew them there.

35 And Saul built an altar to the LORD; it was the first altar that he built to the LORD.

36 Then Saul said, "Let us go down after the Philistines by night and despoil them until the morning light; let us not leave a man of them." And they said, "Do whatever seems good to you." But the priest said, "Let us draw near hither to God."

37 And Saul inquired of God, "Shall I go down after the Philistines? Wilt thou give them into the hand of Israel?" But he did not answer him that day.

38 And Saul said, "Come hither, all you leaders of the people; and know and see how this sin has arisen today.

39 For as the LORD lives who saves Israel, though it be in Jonathan my son, he shall surely die." But there was not a man among all the people that answered him.

40 Then he said to all Israel, "You shall be on one side, and I and Jonathan my son will be on the other side." And the people said to Saul, "Do what seems good to you."

41 Therefore Saul said, "O LORD God of Israel, why hast thou not answered thy servant this day? If this guilt is in me or in Jonathan my son, O LORD, God of Israel, give Urim; but if this guilt is in thy people Israel, give Thummim." And Jonathan and Saul were taken, but the people escaped.

42 Then Saul said, "Cast the lot between me and my son Jonathan." And Jonathan was taken.

43 Then Saul said to Jonathan, "Tell me what you have done." And Jonathan told him, "I tasted a little honey with the tip of the staff that was in my hand; here I am, I will die."

44 And Saul said, "God do so to me and more also; you shall surely die, Jonathan."

45 Then the people said to Saul, "Shall Jonathan die, who has wrought this great victory in Israel? Far from it! As the LORD lives, there shall not one hair of his head fall to the ground; for he has wrought with God this day." So the people ransomed Jonathan, that he did not die.

46 Then Saul went up from pursuing the Philistines; and the Philistines went to their own place.

47 When Saul had taken the kingship over Israel, he fought against all his enemies on every side, against Moab, against the Ammonites, against Edom, against the kings of Zobah, and against the Philistines; wherever he turned he put them to the worse.

48 And he did valiantly, and smote the Amalekites, and delivered Israel out of the hands of those who plundered them.

49 Now the sons of Saul were Jonathan, Ishvi, and Malchishua; and the names of his two daughters were these: the name of the first-born was Merab, and the name of the younger Michal;

50 and the name of Saul's wife was Ahinoam the daughter of Ahimaaz. And the name of the commander of his army was Abner the son of Ner, Saul's uncle;

51 Kish was the father of Saul, and Ner the father of Abner was the son of Abiel.

52 There was hard fighting against the Philistines all the days of Saul; and when Saul saw any strong man, or any valiant man, he attached him to himself.

Spanish LBLA

1 Samuel 13

1 Sa?l tenÌa {treinta} anos cuando comenzÛ a reinar, y reinÛ {cuarenta} {y} dos anos sobre Israel.

2 Sa?l escogiÛ para sÌ tres mil hombres de Israel, de los cuales dos mil estaban con Sa?l en Micmas y en la regiÛn montanosa de Betel, y mil estaban con Jonat·n en Geba de BenjamÌn. Y al resto del pueblo lo despidiÛ cada uno a su tienda.

3 Y Jonat·n hiriÛ la guarniciÛn de los filisteos que {estaba} en Geba, y {lo} supieron los filisteos. Entonces Sa?l tocÛ la trompeta por toda la tierra diciendo: Oigan los hebreos.

4 Y todo Israel oyÛ decir que Sa?l habÌa herido la guarniciÛn de los filisteos, y tambiÈn que Israel se habÌa hecho odioso a los filisteos. Entonces el pueblo se reuniÛ con Sa?l en Gilgal.

5 Y los filisteos se reunieron para pelear contra Israel: treinta mil carros, seis mil hombres de a caballo y gente tan numerosa como la arena a la orilla del mar; y subieron y acamparon en Micmas, al oriente de Bet-avÈn.

6 Cuando los hombres de Israel vieron que estaban en un apuro (pues el pueblo estaba en gran aprieto), el pueblo se escondiÛ en cuevas, en matorrales, en penascos, en sÛtanos y en fosos.

7 TambiÈn {algunos de} los hebreos pasaron el Jord·n a la tierra de Gad y de Galaad. Pero Sa?l {estaba} todavÌa en Gilgal, y todo el pueblo le seguÌa tembloroso.

8 El esperÛ siete dÌas, conforme al tiempo que Samuel habÌa senalado, pero Samuel no llegaba a Gilgal, y el pueblo se le dispersaba.

9 Entonces Sa?l dijo: Traedme el holocausto y las ofrendas de paz. Y Èl ofreciÛ el holocausto.

10 Y sucediÛ que tan pronto como terminÛ de ofrecer el holocausto, he aquÌ que Samuel vino; y Sa?l saliÛ a su encuentro para saludarle.

11 Pero Samuel dijo: øQuÈ has hecho? Y Sa?l respondiÛ: Como vi que el pueblo se me dispersaba, que t? no llegabas dentro de los dÌas senalados y que los filisteos estaban reunidos en Micmas,

12 me dije: ``Ahora los filisteos descender·n contra mÌ en Gilgal, y no he implorado el favor del SENOR." AsÌ que me vi forzado, y ofrecÌ el holocausto.

13 Y Samuel dijo a Sa?l: Has obrado neciamente; no has guardado el mandamiento que el SENOR tu Dios te ordenÛ, pues ahora el SENOR hubiera establecido tu reino sobre Israel para siempre.

14 Pero ahora tu reino no perdurar·. El SENOR ha buscado para sÌ un hombre conforme a su corazÛn, y el SENOR le ha designado como prÌncipe sobre su pueblo porque t? no guardaste lo que el SENOR te ordenÛ.

15 Entonces Samuel se levantÛ y subiÛ de Gilgal a Guibe· de BenjamÌn. Y Sa?l contÛ el pueblo que se hallaba con Èl, como seiscientos hombres.

16 Y Sa?l, su hijo Jonat·n y el pueblo que se hallaba con ellos, estaban situados en Geba de BenjamÌn, mientras los filisteos acampaban en Micmas.

17 Y salieron los merodeadores del campamento de los filisteos en tres companÌas; una companÌa se dirigiÛ por el camino de Ofra, a la tierra de Sual,

18 otra companÌa se dirigiÛ por el camino de Bet-horÛn y la otra companÌa se dirigiÛ por el camino de la frontera que mira sobre el valle de Zeboim, hacia el desierto.

19 En toda la tierra de Israel no podÌa hallarse ning?n herrero, pues los filisteos decÌan: No sea que los hebreos hagan espadas o lanzas.

20 Y todo Israel tenÌa que descender a los filisteos, cada cual para afilar la reja de su arado, su azuela, su hacha o su aguijada.

21 El precio era dos tercios de siclo por las rejas de arado, las azuelas, las horquillas, las hachas, y para arreglar las aguijadas.

22 Y sucediÛ que en el dÌa de la batalla, no habÌa espada ni lanza en mano de ninguna de la gente que {estaba} con Sa?l y Jonat·n, pero {sÌ las} habÌa {en mano} de Sa?l y de su hijo Jonat·n.

23 Y la guarniciÛn de los filisteos saliÛ hacia el paso de Micmas.

1 Samuel 14

1 Y aconteciÛ que un dÌa Jonat·n, hijo de Sa?l, dijo al joven que llevaba su armadura: Ven y pasemos a la guarniciÛn de los filisteos que est· al otro lado. Pero no se lo hizo saber a su padre.

2 Sa?l estaba situado en las afueras de Guibe·, debajo del granado que est· en MigrÛn, y la gente que {estaba} con Èl {eran} unos seiscientos hombres;

3 y AhÌas, hijo de Ahitob, hermano de Icabod, hijo de Finees, hijo de ElÌ, el sacerdote del SENOR en Silo, llevaba un efod. Y el pueblo no sabÌa que Jonat·n se habÌa ido.

4 Y entre los desfiladeros por donde Jonat·n intentaba cruzar a la guarniciÛn de los filisteos, {habÌa} un penasco agudo por un lado, y un penasco agudo por el otro lado; el nombre de uno era Boses y el nombre del otro Sene.

5 Uno de los penascos se levantaba al norte, frente a Micmas, y el otro al sur, frente a Geba.

6 Y Jonat·n dijo al joven que llevaba su armadura: Ven y pasemos a la guarniciÛn de estos incircuncisos; quiz· el SENOR obrar· por nosotros, pues el SENOR no est· limitado a salvar con muchos o con pocos.

7 Y su escudero le respondiÛ: Haz todo lo que tengas en tu corazÛn; ve, {pues} aquÌ estoy contigo a tu disposiciÛn.

8 Entonces dijo Jonat·n: Mira, vamos a pasar hacia esos hombres y nos mostraremos a ellos.

9 Si nos dicen: ``Esperad hasta que lleguemos a vosotros", entonces nos quedaremos en nuestro lugar y no subiremos a ellos.

10 Pero si dicen: ``Subid a nosotros", entonces subiremos, porque el SENOR los ha entregado en nuestras manos; Èsta ser· la senal para nosotros.

11 Cuando ambos se mostraron a la guarniciÛn de los filisteos, Èstos dijeron: Mirad, los hebreos salen de las cavernas donde se habÌan escondido.

12 Los hombres de la guarniciÛn saludaron a Jonat·n y a su escudero y dijeron: Subid a nosotros y os diremos algo. Y Jonat·n dijo a su escudero: Sube tras mÌ, pues el SENOR los ha entregado en manos de Israel.

13 Entonces Jonat·n trepÛ con manos y pies, y tras Èl su escudero; y caÌan {los filisteos} delante de Jonat·n, y tras Èl su escudero {los} remataba.

14 La primera matanza que hicieron Jonat·n y su escudero fue de unos veinte hombres en el espacio de una media yugada de tierra.

15 Y hubo estremecimiento en el campamento, en el campo y entre todo el pueblo. Aun la guarniciÛn y los merodeadores se estremecieron, y la tierra temblÛ; fue un gran temblor.

16 Y miraron los centinelas de Sa?l en Guibe· de BenjamÌn, y he aquÌ que la multitud se dispersaba yendo en todas direcciones.

17 Y Sa?l dijo al pueblo que {estaba} con Èl: Pasad lista ahora y ved quiÈn ha salido de entre nosotros. Cuando ellos pasaron lista, he aquÌ que Jonat·n y su escudero no estaban.

18 Entonces Sa?l dijo a AhÌas: Trae el arca de Dios. Porque en ese tiempo el arca de Dios estaba con los hijos de Israel.

19 Y sucediÛ que mientras Sa?l hablaba con el sacerdote, el alboroto en el campamento de los filisteos continuaba y aumentaba. Entonces Sa?l dijo al sacerdote: Retira tu mano.

20 Y Sa?l y todo el pueblo que {estaba} con Èl se agruparon y fueron a la batalla, y he aquÌ que la espada de cada hombre se volvÌa contra su companero, {y habÌa} gran confusiÛn.

21 Entonces los hebreos que de antes estaban con los filisteos {y} que habÌan subido con ellos de los alrededores al campamento, aun ellos tambiÈn {se unieron} con los israelitas que {estaban} con Sa?l y Jonat·n.

22 Cuando todos los hombres de Israel que se habÌan escondido en la regiÛn montanosa de EfraÌn oyeron que los filisteos habÌan huido, ellos tambiÈn los persiguieron muy de cerca en la batalla.

23 AsÌ librÛ el SENOR a Israel en aquel dÌa. La batalla se extendiÛ m·s all· de Bet-avÈn.

24 Mas los hombres de Israel estaban en gran aprieto aquel dÌa, porque Sa?l habÌa puesto al pueblo bajo juramento, diciendo: Maldito sea el hombre que tome alimento antes del anochecer, {antes} que me haya vengado de mis enemigos. Y nadie del pueblo probÛ alimento.

25 Y todo {el pueblo de} la tierra entrÛ en el bosque, y habÌa miel en el suelo.

26 Y al entrar el pueblo en el bosque, he aquÌ que la miel fluÌa, pero nadie se llevÛ la mano a la boca, porque el pueblo temÌa el juramento.

27 Pero Jonat·n no habÌa oÌdo cuando su padre puso al pueblo bajo juramento; por lo cual extendiÛ la punta de la vara que {llevaba} en su mano, la metiÛ en un panal de miel y se llevÛ la mano a la boca, y brillaron sus ojos.

28 Entonces uno del pueblo {le} hablÛ, y dijo: Tu padre puso bajo estricto juramento al pueblo, diciendo: ``Maldito sea el hombre que tome alimento hoy." Y el pueblo estaba desfallecido.

29 Entonces Jonat·n dijo: Mi padre ha traÌdo dificultades a esta tierra. Ved ahora cÛmo brillan mis ojos porque probÈ un poco de esta miel.

30 Cu·nto m·s, si el pueblo hubiera comido hoy libremente del despojo que encontraron de sus enemigos. Pues hasta ahora la matanza entre los filisteos no ha sido grande.

31 Aquel dÌa, despuÈs de herir a los filisteos desde Micmas hasta AjalÛn, el pueblo estaba muy cansado.

32 Entonces el pueblo se lanzÛ sobre el despojo, y tomÛ ovejas, bueyes y becerros y {los} mataron en el suelo; y el pueblo {los} comiÛ con la sangre.

33 Y avisaron a Sa?l, diciÈndo{le:} He aquÌ, el pueblo est· pecando contra el SENOR, comiendo {carne} con la sangre. Y Èl dijo: HabÈis obrado pÈrfidamente. Traedme hoy una piedra grande.

34 Y Sa?l anadiÛ: Dispersaos entre el pueblo, y decidles: ``Tr·igame cada uno de vosotros su buey o su oveja; matad{los} aquÌ y comed, pero no pequÈis contra el SENOR comiendo {carne} con sangre." Y aquella noche todo el pueblo trajo cada cual su buey consigo, y {los} mataron allÌ.

35 Y edificÛ Sa?l un altar al SENOR; este fue el primer altar que Èl edificÛ al SENOR.

36 Entonces Sa?l dijo: Descendamos contra los filisteos de noche, tomemos despojo de entre ellos hasta el amanecer, y no dejemos {ni} uno de ellos. Y ellos dijeron: Haz lo que te parezca bien. Entonces el sacerdote dijo: AcerquÈmonos a Dios aquÌ.

37 Y consultÛ Sa?l a Dios: øDescenderÈ contra los filisteos? øLos entregar·s en manos de Israel? Pero El no le contestÛ en aquel dÌa.

38 Y Sa?l dijo: Acercaos aquÌ todos vosotros, jefes del pueblo, y averiguad y ved cÛmo este pecado ha acontecido hoy.

39 Porque vive el SENOR que libra a Israel, que aunque {la culpa} estÈ en mi hijo Jonat·n, ciertamente morir·. Pero nadie, en todo el pueblo, le respondiÛ.

40 Entonces dijo a todo Israel: Vosotros estarÈis a un lado, y yo y mi hijo Jonat·n estaremos al otro lado. Y el pueblo dijo a Sa?l: Haz lo que bien te parezca.

41 Sa?l entonces dijo al SENOR, Dios de Israel: Da {suerte} perfecta. Y fueron senalados Jonat·n y Sa?l, pero el pueblo quedÛ libre.

42 Y Sa?l dijo: Echad {suertes} entre mÌ y Jonat·n mi hijo. Y Jonat·n fue senalado.

43 Dijo, pues, Sa?l a Jonat·n: CuÈntame lo que has hecho. Y Jonat·n le respondiÛ, y dijo: En verdad probÈ un poco de miel con la punta de la vara que {tenÌa} en la mano. Heme aquÌ, debo morir.

44 Y dijo Sa?l: Que Dios {me} haga esto, y aun m·s, pues ciertamente morir·s, Jonat·n.

45 Pero el pueblo dijo a Sa?l: øDebe morir Jonat·n, el que ha obtenido esta gran liberaciÛn en Israel? No sea asÌ. Vive el SENOR que ni un cabello de su cabeza caer· a tierra, porque Èl ha obrado con Dios en este dÌa. AsÌ el pueblo rescatÛ a Jonat·n, y no muriÛ.

46 Luego Sa?l subiÛ, dejando de perseguir a los filisteos, y los filisteos se fueron a su tierra.

47 Cuando Sa?l asumiÛ el reinado sobre Israel, luchÛ contra todos sus enemigos en derredor: contra Moab, contra los hijos de AmÛn, contra Edom, contra los reyes de Soba y contra los filisteos; adondequiera que se volvÌa, resultaba vencedor.

48 ObrÛ con valentÌa derrotando a los amalecitas, y librÛ a Israel de manos de los que lo saqueaban.

49 Los hijos de Sa?l fueron Jonat·n, Is?i y Malquis?a. Y {estos eran} los nombres de sus dos hijas: el nombre de la mayor, Merab, y el nombre de la menor, Mical.

50 El nombre de la mujer de Sa?l {era} Ahinoam, hija de Ahimaas. Y el nombre del jefe de su ejÈrcito {era} Abner, hijo de Ner, tÌo de Sa?l.

51 Cis, padre de Sa?l, y Ner, padre de Abner, {eran} hijos de Abiel.

52 La guerra contra los filisteos fue encarnizada todos los dÌas de Sa?l. Cuando Sa?l veÌa alg?n hombre fuerte o valiente, lo unÌa a su servicio.

World English Bible

1 Samuel 13

1 Saul was forty years old when he began to reign; and when he had reigned two years over Israel,

2 Saul chose him three thousand men of Israel, of which two thousand were with Saul in Michmash and in the Mount of Bethel, and one thousand were with Jonathan in Gibeah of Benjamin: and the rest of the people he sent every man to his tent.

3 Jonathan struck the garrison of the Philistines that was in Geba: and the Philistines heard of it. Saul blew the trumpet throughout all the land, saying, Let the Hebrews hear.

4 All Israel heard say that Saul had struck the garrison of the Philistines, and also that Israel was had in abomination with the Philistines. The people were gathered together after Saul to Gilgal.

5 The Philistines assembled themselves together to fight with Israel, thirty thousand chariots, and six thousand horsemen, and people as the sand which is on the sea-shore in multitude: and they came up, and encamped in Michmash, eastward of Beth Aven.

6 When the men of Israel saw that they were in a strait (for the people were distressed), then the people did hide themselves in caves, and in thickets, and in rocks, and in coverts, and in pits.

7 Now some of the Hebrews had gone over the Jordan to the land of Gad and Gilead; but as for Saul, he was yet in Gilgal, and all the people followed him trembling.

8 He stayed seven days, according to the set time that Samuel had appointed: but Samuel didn't come to Gilgal; and the people were scattered from him.

9 Saul said, Bring here the burnt offering to me, and the peace-offerings. He offered the burnt offering.

10 It came to pass that as soon as he had made an end of offering the burnt offering, behold, Samuel came; and Saul went out to meet him, that he might greet him.

11 Samuel said, What have you done? Saul said, Because I saw that the people were scattered from me, and that you didn't come within the days appointed, and that the Philistines assembled themselves together at Michmash;

12 therefore said I, Now will the Philistines come down on me to Gilgal, and I haven't entreated the favor of Yahweh: I forced myself therefore, and offered the burnt offering.

13 Samuel said to Saul, You have done foolishly; you have not kept the commandment of Yahweh your God, which he commanded you: for now would Yahweh have established your kingdom on Israel forever.

14 But now your kingdom shall not continue: Yahweh has sought him a man after his own heart, and Yahweh has appointed him to be prince over his people, because you have not kept that which Yahweh commanded you.

15 Samuel arose, and got him up from Gilgal to Gibeah of Benjamin. Saul numbered the people who were present with him, about six hundred men.

16 Saul, and Jonathan his son, and the people who were present with them, abode in Geba of Benjamin: but the Philistines encamped in Michmash.

17 The spoilers came out of the camp of the Philistines in three companies: one company turned to the way that leads to Ophrah, to the land of Shual;

18 and another company turned the way to Beth Horon; and another company turned the way of the border that looks down on the valley of Zeboim toward the wilderness.

19 Now there was no smith found throughout all the land of Israel; for the Philistines said, Lest the Hebrews make them swords or spears:

20 but all the Israelites went down to the Philistines, to sharpen every man his plowshare, mattock, axe, and sickle;

21 yet they had a file for the mattocks, and for the plowshares, and for the forks, and for the axes, and to set the goads.

22 So it came to pass in the day of battle, that there was neither sword nor spear found in the hand of any of the people who were with Saul and Jonathan: but with Saul and with Jonathan his son was there found.

23 The garrison of the Philistines went out to the pass of Michmash.

1 Samuel 14

1 Now it fell on a day, that Jonathan the son of Saul said to the young man who bore his armor, Come, and let us go over to the Philistines' garrison, that is on yonder side. But he didn't tell his father.

2 Saul abode in the uttermost part of Gibeah under the pomegranate tree which is in Migron: and the people who were with him were about six hundred men;

3 and Ahijah, the son of Ahitub, Ichabod's brother, the son of Phinehas, the son of Eli, the priest of Yahweh in Shiloh, wearing an ephod. The people didn't know that Jonathan was gone.

4 Between the passes, by which Jonathan sought to go over to the Philistines' garrison, there was a rocky crag on the one side, and a rocky crag on the other side: and the name of the one was Bozez, and the name of the other Seneh.

5 The one crag rose up on the north in front of Michmash, and the other on the south in front of Geba.

6 Jonathan said to the young man who bore his armor, Come, and let us go over to the garrison of these uncircumcised: it may be that Yahweh will work for us; for there is no restraint to Yahweh to save by many or by few.

7 His armor bearer said to him, Do all that is in your heart: turn you, behold, I am with you according to your heart.

8 Then said Jonathan, Behold, we will pass over to the men, and we will disclose ourselves to them.

9 If they say thus to us, Wait until we come to you; then we will stand still in our place, and will not go up to them.

10 But if they say thus, Come up to us; then we will go up; for Yahweh has delivered them into our hand: and this shall be the sign to us.

11 Both of them disclosed themselves to the garrison of the Philistines: and the Philistines said, Behold, the Hebrews come forth out of the holes where they had hid themselves.

12 The men of the garrison answered Jonathan and his armor bearer, and said, Come up to us, and we will show you a thing. Jonathan said to his armor bearer, Come up after me; for Yahweh has delivered them into the hand of Israel.

13 Jonathan climbed up on his hands and on his feet, and his armor bearer after him: and they fell before Jonathan; and his armor bearer killed them after him.

14 That first slaughter, which Jonathan and his armor bearer made, was about twenty men, within as it were half a furrow's length in an acre of land.

15 There was a trembling in the camp, in the field, and among all the people; the garrison, and the spoilers, they also trembled; and the earth quaked: so there was an exceeding great trembling.

16 The watchmen of Saul in Gibeah of Benjamin looked; and, behold, the multitude melted away, and they went here and there.

17 Then said Saul to the people who were with him, Number now, and see who is gone from us. When they had numbered, behold, Jonathan and his armor bearer were not there.

18 Saul said to Ahijah, Bring here the ark of God. For the ark of God was there at that time with the children of Israel.

19 It happened, while Saul talked to the priest, that the tumult that was in the camp of the Philistines went on and increased: and Saul said to the priest, Withdraw your hand.

20 Saul and all the people who were with him were gathered together, and came to the battle: and, behold, every man's sword was against his fellow, and there was a very great confusion.

21 Now the Hebrews who were with the Philistines as before, and who went up with them into the camp, from the country round about, even they also turned to be with the Israelites who were with Saul and Jonathan.

22 Likewise all the men of Israel who had hid themselves in the hill-country of Ephraim, when they heard that the Philistines fled, even they also followed hard after them in the battle.

23 So Yahweh saved Israel that day: and the battle passed over by Beth Aven.

24 The men of Israel were distressed that day; for Saul had adjured the people, saying, Cursed be the man who eats any food until it be evening, and I be avenged on my enemies. So none of the people tasted food.

25 All the people came into the forest; and there was honey on the ground.

26 When the people were come to the forest, behold, the honey dropped: but no man put his hand to his mouth; for the people feared the oath.

27 But Jonathan didn't hear when his father charged the people with the oath: therefore he put forth the end of the rod who was in his hand, and dipped it in the honeycomb, and put his hand to his mouth; and his eyes were enlightened.

28 Then answered one of the people, and said, Your father directly charged the people with an oath, saying, Cursed be the man who eats food this day. The people were faint.

29 Then said Jonathan, My father has troubled the land. Please look how my eyes have been enlightened, because I tasted a little of this honey.

30 How much more, if haply the people had eaten freely today of the spoil of their enemies which they found? for now has there been no great slaughter among the Philistines.

31 They struck of the Philistines that day from Michmash to Aijalon. The people were very faint;

32 and the people flew on the spoil, and took sheep, and oxen, and calves, and killed them on the ground; and the people ate them with the blood.

33 Then they told Saul, saying, Behold, the people sin against Yahweh, in that they eat with the blood. He said, you have dealt treacherously: roll a great stone to me this day.

34 Saul said, Disperse yourselves among the people, and tell them, Bring me here every man his ox, and every man his sheep, and kill them here, and eat; and don't sin against Yahweh in eating with the blood. All the people brought every man his ox with him that night, and killed them there.

35 Saul built an altar to Yahweh: the same was the first altar that he built to Yahweh.

36 Saul said, Let us go down after the Philistines by night, and take spoil among them until the morning light, and let us not leave a man of them. They said, Do whatever seems good to you. Then said the priest, Let us draw near here to God.

37 Saul asked counsel of God, Shall I go down after the Philistines? will you deliver them into the hand of Israel? But he didn't answer him that day.

38 Saul said, Draw near here, all you chiefs of the people; and know and see in which this sin has been this day.

39 For, as Yahweh lives, who saves Israel, though it be in Jonathan my son, he shall surely die. But there was not a man among all the people who answered him.

40 Then said he to all Israel, Be you on one side, and I and Jonathan my son will be on the other side. The people said to Saul, Do what seems good to you.

41 Therefore Saul said to Yahweh, the God of Israel, Show the right. Jonathan and Saul were taken by lot; but the people escaped.

42 Saul said, Cast lots between me and Jonathan my son. Jonathan was taken.

43 Then Saul said to Jonathan, Tell me what you have done. Jonathan told him, and said, I did certainly taste a little honey with the end of the rod that was in my hand; and, behold, I must die.

44 Saul said, God do so and more also; for you shall surely die, Jonathan.

45 The people said to Saul, Shall Jonathan die, who has worked this great salvation in Israel? Far from it: as Yahweh lives, there shall not one hair of his head fall to the ground; for he has worked with God this day. So the people rescued Jonathan, that he didn't die.

46 Then Saul went up from following the Philistines; and the Philistines went to their own place.

47 Now when Saul had taken the kingdom over Israel, he fought against all his enemies on every side, against Moab, and against the children of Ammon, and against Edom, and against the kings of Zobah, and against the Philistines: and wherever he turned himself, he put them to the worse.

48 He did valiantly, and struck the Amalekites, and delivered Israel out of the hands of those who despoiled them.

49 Now the sons of Saul were Jonathan, and Ishvi, and Malchishua; and the names of his two daughters were these: the name of the firstborn Merab, and the name of the younger Michal:

50 and the name of Saul's wife was Ahinoam the daughter of Ahimaaz. The name of the captain of his army was Abner the son of Ner, Saul's uncle.

51 Kish was the father of Saul; and Ner the father of Abner was the son of Abiel.

52 There was sore war against the Philistines all the days of Saul: and when Saul saw any mighty man, or any valiant man, he took him to him.

Young's Literal Translation

1 Samuel 13

1 ¶A son of a year is Saul in his reigning, yea, two years he hath reigned over Israel,

2 and Saul chooseth for himself three thousand men out of Israel; and two thousand are with Saul in Michmash, and in the hill-country of Beth-El; and a thousand have been with Jonathan in Gibeah of Benjamin; and the remnant of the people he hath sent each to his tents.

3 And Jonathan smiteth the garrison of the Philistines which is in Geba, and the Philistines hear, and Saul hath blown with a trumpet through all the land, saying, "Let the Hebrews hear."

4 And all Israel have heard, saying, "Saul hath smitten the garrison of the Philistines," and also, "Israel hath been abhorred by the Philistines;" and the people are called after Saul to Gilgal.

5 And the Philistines have been gathered to fight with Israel; thirty thousand chariots, and six thousand horsemen, and a people as the sand which is on the sea-shore for multitude; and they come up and encamp in Michmash, east of Beth-Aven.

6 And the men of Israel have seen that they are distressed, that the people hath been oppressed, and the people hide themselves in caves, and in thickets, and in rocks, and in high places, and in pits.

7 And Hebrews have passed over the Jordan to the land of Gad and Gilead; and Saul is yet in Gilgal, and all the people have trembled after him.

8 ¶And he waiteth seven days, according to the appointment with Samuel, and Samuel hath not come to Gilgal, and the people are scattered from off him.

9 And Saul saith, "Bring nigh unto me the burnt-offering, and the peace-offerings;" and he causeth the burnt-offering to ascend.

10 And it cometh to pass at his completing to cause the burnt-offering to ascend, that lo, Samuel hath come, and Saul goeth out to meet him, to bless him;

11 and Samuel saith, "What hast thou done?" And Saul saith, "Because I saw that the people were scattered from off me, and thou hadst not come at the appointment of the days, and the Philistines are gathered to Michmash,

12 and I say, Now do the Philistines come down unto me to Gilgal, and the face of Jehovah I have not appeased; and I force myself, and cause the burnt-offering to ascend."

13 And Samuel saith unto Saul, "Thou hast been foolish; thou hast not kept the command of Jehovah thy God, which He commanded thee, for now had Jehovah established thy kingdom over Israel unto the age;

14 and, now, thy kingdom doth not stand, Jehovah hath sought for Himself a man according to His own heart, and Jehovah chargeth him for leader over His people, for thou hast not kept that which Jehovah commanded thee."

15 ¶And Samuel riseth, and goeth up from Gilgal to Gibeah of Benjamin; and Saul inspecteth the people who are found with him, about six hundred men,

16 and Saul, and Jonathan his son, and the people who are found with them, are abiding in Gibeah of Benjamin, and the Philistines have encamped in Michmash.

17 And the destroyer goeth out from the camp of the Philistines -- three detachments; the one detachment turneth unto the way of Ophrah, unto the land of Shual;

18 and the one detachment turneth the way of Beth-Horon, and the one detachment turneth the way of the border which is looking on the valley of the Zeboim, toward the wilderness.

19 And an artificer is not found in all the land of Israel, for the Philistines said, "Lest the Hebrews make sword or spear;"

20 and all Israel go down to the Philistines, to sharpen each his ploughshare, and his coulter, and his axe, and his mattock;

21 and there hath been the file for mattocks, and for coulters, and for three-pronged rakes, and for the axes, and to set up the goads.

22 And it hath been, in the day of battle, that there hath not been found sword and spear in the hand of any of the people who are with Saul and with Jonathan -- and there is found to Saul and to Jonathan his son.

23 And the station of the Philistines goeth out unto the passage of Michmash.


Discuss Bible in a Year for April 1: 1 Samuel 13